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The Parallel Market for Foreign Exchange in an Oil Exporting Economy

The Parallel Market for Foreign Exchange in an Oil Exporting Economy »

Source: The Parallel Market for Foreign Exchange in an Oil Exporting Economy : The Case of Iran, 1978-1990

Volume/Issue: 1995/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adnan Mazarei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1995

ISBN: 9781451849035

Keywords: exchange rate, market exchange rate, oil exports, exchange rates

This paper provides a model for the determination of the parallel market exchange rate premium in a country where oil export earnings accrue directly to the government, and foreign exchange is centrally allocated f...

Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes

Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes »

Source: Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes : The Case of Energy Trade Between Russia and Ukraine

Volume/Issue: 2002/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451875669

Keywords: Russia, Energy Trade, VAT, Imperfect Competition, oil exports, export price, gas exports, export tax, crude oil, Market Structure and Pricing: General

Under imperfect competition, Russia and Ukraine may choose to deviate from optimal tax considerations which suggest use of a destination-based VAT regime. Oil and gas trade is a major source of Russian tax revenue,...

The Parallel Market for Foreign Exchange in an Oil Exporting Economy
			: The Case of Iran, 1978-1990

The Parallel Market for Foreign Exchange in an Oil Exporting Economy : The Case of Iran, 1978-1990 »

Volume/Issue: 1995/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adnan Mazarei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849035.001

ISBN: 9781451849035

Keywords: exchange rate, market exchange rate, oil exports, exchange rates

This paper provides a model for the determination of the parallel market exchange rate premium in a country where oil export earnings accrue directly to the government, and foreign exchange is centrally allocated f...

Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes
			: The Case of Energy Trade Between Russia and Ukraine

Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes : The Case of Energy Trade Between Russia and Ukraine »

Volume/Issue: 2002/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875669.001

ISBN: 9781451875669

Keywords: Russia, Energy Trade, VAT, Imperfect Competition, oil exports, export price, gas exports, export tax, crude oil, Market Structure and Pricing: General

Under imperfect competition, Russia and Ukraine may choose to deviate from optimal tax considerations which suggest use of a destination-based VAT regime. Oil and gas trade is a major source of Russian tax revenue,...