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Public Debt, Money Supply, and Inflation

Public Debt, Money Supply, and Inflation »

Source: Public Debt, Money Supply, and Inflation : A Cross-Country Study and Its Application to Jamaica

Volume/Issue: 2006/121

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Goohoon Kwon , Lavern McFarlane , and Wayne Robinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863819

Keywords: the fiscal theory of the price level, dynamic panel, GMM, price level, monetary policy, money growth, Econometric Modeling: Other, Fiscal Theory Of The Price Level,

This paper provides comprehensive empirical evidence that supports the predictions of Sargent and Wallace's (1981) "unpleasant monetarist arithmetic" that an increase in public debt is typically inflationary in cou...

The Structure and Operation of the World Gold Market

The Structure and Operation of the World Gold Market »

Source: The Structure and Operation of the World Gold Market

Volume/Issue: 1991/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): M. O'Callaghan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1991

ISBN: 9781451939590

Keywords: futures contracts, gold futures, hoarding, hedging, gold markets, The Structure and Operation of the World Gold Market,

This paper describes the structure of the world gold market, its sources of supply and demand, and how it functions. The market has three principal functions in three major locations: the New York futures market sp...

Financial Crises, Poverty, and Income Distribution

Financial Crises, Poverty, and Income Distribution »

Source: Financial Crises, Poverty, and Income Distribution

Volume/Issue: 2002/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451842050

Keywords: Financial crises, poverty line, incidence of poverty, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty,

Developing and transition economies are prone to financial crises, including balance of payments and banking crises. These crises affect poverty and the distribution of income through a variety of channels: slowdow...

A Crude Shock

A Crude Shock »

Source: A Crude Shock : Explaining the Impact of the 2014-16 Oil Price Decline Across Exporters

Volume/Issue: 2017/160

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , Alexander Herman , and Andrew Swiston

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 2017

ISBN: 9781484310175

Keywords: Event study, fundamentals, oil exporters, oil price, transmission of shocks, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Energy and the Macroeconomy

The decline in oil prices in 2014-16 was one of the sharpest in history, and put to test the resilience of oil exporters. We examine the degree to which economic fundamentals entering the oil price decline explain...

The Instruments and Operating Procedures for Conducting Monetary Policy in the Group of Five Countries

The Instruments and Operating Procedures for Conducting Monetary Policy in the Group of Five Countries »

Source: The Instruments and Operating Procedures for Conducting Monetary Policy in the Group of Five Countries

Volume/Issue: 1989/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 1989

ISBN: 9781451967074

Keywords: monetary policy, discount rate, bank of england, bank of japan, money market, The Instruments and Operating Procedures for Conducting,

This paper examines and compares the instruments and procedures currently employed by the central banks of France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States for implementing monetary policy in the s...

Understanding Chinese Bond Yields and their Role in Monetary Policy

Understanding Chinese Bond Yields and their Role in Monetary Policy »

Source: Understanding Chinese Bond Yields and their Role in Monetary Policy

Volume/Issue: 2011/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nathan Porter , and Nuno Cassola

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463904937

Keywords: Term Structure of Interest Rates, bond, bonds, inflation, treasury bonds, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

China's financial prices are informative enough for the PBC to introduce a monetary policy framework centered around interest rates. While bond yields are not fully efficient?reflecting regulation, liquidity, and s...

The Composition and Distribution of Financial Assistance From Arab Countries and Arab Regional Institutions

The Composition and Distribution of Financial Assistance From Arab Countries and Arab Regional Institutions »

Source: The Composition and Distribution of Financial Assistance From Arab Countries and Arab Regional Institutions

Volume/Issue: 1990/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1990

ISBN: 9781451961447

Keywords: opec, balance of payments, oil prices, multilateral institutions, multilateral organizations, The Composition and Distribution of Financial Assistance,

This paper examines the volume and distribution of concessional and nonconcessional financial flows from Arab countries, and aid agencies, and regional institutions to developing countries. Arab financial assistanc...

Fiscal Determinants of Inflation

Fiscal Determinants of Inflation »

Source: Fiscal Determinants of Inflation : A Primer for the Middle East and North Africa

Volume/Issue: 2006/216

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludvig Söderling , and Domenico Fanizza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

ISBN: 9781451864762

Keywords: Fiscal theory of the price level, price level, money stock, money growth,

Many countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region have recently experienced surges in money growth that apparently have not generated significant inflationary pressures. Moreover, several MENA countr...

Rising BRICs and Changes in Sub-Saharan Africa’s Business Cycle Patterns

Rising BRICs and Changes in Sub-Saharan Africa’s Business Cycle Patterns »

Source: Rising BRICs and Changes in Sub-Saharan Africa's Business Cycle Patterns

Volume/Issue: 2014/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Oumar Diallo , and Sampawende Tapsoba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 February 2014

ISBN: 9781484306598

Keywords: Business Cycle Synchronicity, and the BRICs., trade intensity, trading partners, industry trade, impact of trade, General,

This paper assesses the extent to which Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)'s business cycle is synchronized with that of the rest of the world (RoW). Findings suggest that SSA's business cycle has not only moved in the same...

Income Polarization in the United States1

Income Polarization in the United States1 »

Source: Income Polarization in the United States

Volume/Issue: 2016/121

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ali Alichi , Kory Kantenga , and Juan Sole

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2016

ISBN: 9781475522501

Keywords: Middle Class; Middle-Income Class; Income Polarization; Hollowing Out of the Middle Class; Inequality; Marginal Propensity to Consume

The paper uses a combination of micro-level datasets to document the rise of income polarization-what some have referred to as the 'hollowing out' of the income distribution-in the United States, since the 1970s. W...