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Dollarization in Cambodia

Dollarization in Cambodia »

Source: Dollarization in Cambodia : Causes and Policy Implications

Volume/Issue: 2011/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nombulelo Duma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218936

Keywords: seigniorage, foreign currency, monetary policy, inflation, macroeconomic stability, Central Banking, And The Supply Of Money And Credit,

Over the past decade, Cambodia has become Asia's most dollarized economy. In contrast, dollarization in neighboring Lao P.D.R., Mongolia, and Vietnam has been either declining or broadly stable. Somewhat paradoxica...

Export Performance and External Competitiveness in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Export Performance and External Competitiveness in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia »

Source: Export Performance and External Competitiveness in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Volume/Issue: 2006/261

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eva Gutierrez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

ISBN: 9781451865219

Keywords: Competitiveness, equilibrium exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rate, reer, real effective exchange rate, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of, Macedonia, Fyr,

This paper reviews a broad set of indicators of competitiveness in the Macedonian economy and estimates the equilibrium real effective exchange rate (REER) using different methodologies. Although the REER is broadl...

Japan out of the Lost Decade

Japan out of the Lost Decade »

Source: Japan out of the Lost Decade : Divine Wind or Firms' Effort?

Volume/Issue: 2012/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Tokutsu , Kazuo Ogawa , and Mika Saito

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505191

Keywords: Lost Decade, Export, Price-Cost Margin, tfp, exporters, growth rate, export price, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

A surge of exports in the 2000s helped Japan exit the severe decade-long stagnation known as the lost decade. Using panel data of Japanese exporting firms, we examine the sources of the export surge during this per...

Trade and Trade Finance in the 2008-09 Financial Crisis

Trade and Trade Finance in the 2008-09 Financial Crisis »

Source: Trade and Trade Finance in the 2008-09 Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2011/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Dorsey , Mika Saito , Armine Khachatryan , Irena Asmundson , and Ioana Niculcea

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455212507

Keywords: Crisis, survey, export credit, surveys, export credit insurance, export credit agencies, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Other, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

Global merchandise trade sharply declined in late 2008 and early 2009, and some press and financial market reports assigned a large role for the decline to trade finance. However, the available evidence suggests th...

External Imbalances in the Euro Area

External Imbalances in the Euro Area »

Source: External Imbalances in the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2012/236

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruo Chen , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475524673

Keywords: euro area, external imbalances, financial integration, terms of trade shocks, trading partner, trading partners, trade shocks, commodity exporters, domestic demand, Institutions and the Macroeconomy

The paper examines the extent to which current account imbalances of euro area countries are related to intra-euro area factors and to external trade shocks. We argue that the traditional explanations for the risin...

Financial De-Dollarization

Financial De-Dollarization »

Source: Financial De-Dollarization : Is it for Real?

Volume/Issue: 2005/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Levy Yeyati , and Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781451862065

Keywords: Prudential policy, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, real exchange rate, currency substitution, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

De facto (unofficial) dollarization, defined as the holding by residents of assets and liabilities denominated in a foreign currency, is a policy concern in an increasing number of developing economies. This paper...

Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes

Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes »

Source: Imperfect Competition and the Design of VAT Regimes : The Case of Energy Trade Between Russia and Ukraine

Volume/Issue: 2002/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451875669

Keywords: Russia, Energy Trade, VAT, Imperfect Competition, oil exports, export price, gas exports, export tax, crude oil, Market Structure and Pricing: General

Under imperfect competition, Russia and Ukraine may choose to deviate from optimal tax considerations which suggest use of a destination-based VAT regime. Oil and gas trade is a major source of Russian tax revenue,...

Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Highly Dollarized Economy

Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Highly Dollarized Economy »

Source: Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Highly Dollarized Economy : The Case of Cambodia

Volume/Issue: 2002/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

ISBN: 9781451851601

Keywords: foreign currency, inflation, monetary policy, high inflation, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: General, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Co-currency Circulation, Kalman Filter, Currency Board Arrangement,

Cambodia became dollarized suddenly in the early 1990s, as a result of massive dollar inflows stemming from a postconflict situation. Considering that the amount of dollars in circulation is unusually high, we atte...

Peru

Peru »

Source: Peru : Drivers of De-dollarization

Volume/Issue: 2010/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mercedes Garcia-Escribano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201808

Keywords: de-dollarization, foreign currency, inflation, macroeconomic stability, foreign exchange, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Financial Institutions and Services: General, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

Peru has successfully pursued a market-driven financial de-dollarization during the last decade. Dollarization of credit and deposit of commercial banks - across all sectors and maturities - has declined, with larg...

What is Driving Financial De-Dollarization in Latin America?

What is Driving Financial De-Dollarization in Latin America? »

Source: What is Driving Financial De-Dollarization in Latin America?

Volume/Issue: 2011/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mercedes Garcia-Escribano , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211883

Keywords: de-dollarization, banking system, dollarization, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, constant exchange rate, nominal exchange rate, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General

In the last decade, a group of Latin American countries (Bolivia, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay) experienced a gradual, yet sustained decline in financial dollarization. This paper documents the stylized facts and us...