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Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia »

Source: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/82

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451825985

Keywords: foreign exchange, transition economies, balance of payments, banking, national bank, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of,

This paper reviews economic developments in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia during 1994-98. In 1994-95, the authorities reasserted control over monetary policy, stabilized the exchange rate, and undertook...

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia »

Source: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1997/45

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 July 1997

ISBN: 9781451825978

Keywords: employment, national bank, monetary fund, unemployed, income from employment, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of,

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Early Birds, Late Risers, and Sleeping Beauties

Early Birds, Late Risers, and Sleeping Beauties »

Source: Early Birds, Late Risers, and Sleeping Beauties : Bank Credit Growth to the Private Sector in Central and Eastern Europe and in the Balkans

Volume/Issue: 2003/213

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ivanna Hollar , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451874969

Keywords: financial developments, capital inflows, bank credit, banking, capital mobility, bank loans, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of,

Following a period of privatization and restructuring, commercial banks in Central and Eastern Europe and, more recently, in the Balkans have rapidly expanded their lending to the private sector. This paper describ...

A Model of Exchange Rate Regime Choice in the Transitional Economies of Central and Eastern Europe

A Model of Exchange Rate Regime Choice in the Transitional Economies of Central and Eastern Europe »

Source: A Model of Exchange Rate Regime Choice in the Transitional Economies of Central and Eastern Europe

Volume/Issue: 2001/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vladimir Klyuev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856125

Keywords: Transition, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Slovakia, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of,

The paper develops a model of exchange rate regime choice centered on the trade-off between internal price stability and external competitiveness and allowing for institutional costs of altering exchange rate arran...

Monetary Policy Implementation

Monetary Policy Implementation »

Source: Monetary Policy Implementation : Results from a Survey

Volume/Issue: 2007/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Inese Buzeneca , and Rodolfo Maino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865714

Keywords: instruments, reserve requirements, central bank, money market, government securities, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General,

Since the early 1990s, the IMF has been advising countries to shift to the use of indirect instruments for executing monetary policy. This paper provides information about a monetary policy instruments database, ma...

Rapid Credit Growth

Rapid Credit Growth »

Source: Rapid Credit Growth : Boon or Boom-Bust?

Volume/Issue: 2011/241

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

ISBN: 9781463922627

Keywords: boom-bust cycles, emerging Asia, capital inflows, credit boom, current account deficits, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Finance: General, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Episodes of rapid credit growth, especially credit booms, tend to end abruptly, typically in the form of financial crises. This paper presents the findings of a comprehensive event study focusing on 99 credit booms...

Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks

Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks »

Source: Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks : How and Why Do Countries Differ?

Volume/Issue: 2012/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , and Yulia Ustyugova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510249

Keywords: pass-through, Phillips curve, central bank, inflationary impact, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance

This paper relates the inflationary impact of commodity price shocks across countries to a broad range of structural characteristics and policy frameworks over the period 2001-2010, using several approaches. The an...

Is Transparency Good for You, and Can the IMF Help?1

Is Transparency Good for You, and Can the IMF Help?1 »

Source: Is Transparency Good for You, and Can the IMF Help?

Volume/Issue: 2003/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongseok Shin , and Rachel Glennerster

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451855401

Keywords: publication, institutions, sovereign spreads, SDDS, ROSC, GARCH, news effect, role of the IMF, credit ratings, borrowing costs

This paper finds that reforms introduced by the IMF to promote transparency have created more informed markets and reduced borrowing costs for those emerging market countries that volunteered for them. Using a quar...

Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings

Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings »

Source: Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings

Volume/Issue: 2012/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Kiff , Sylwia Nowak , and Liliana Schumacher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463931858

Keywords: Sovereign ratings, rating agencies, credit ratings, asian crisis, emerging markets, An Investigation into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings, Financial Institutions and Services: General, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation,

We find that Credit Rating Agencies (CRA)'s opinions have an impact in the cost of funding of sovereign issuers and consequently ratings are a concern for financial stability. While ratings produced by the major CR...

What's Different about Monetary Policy Transmission in Remittance-Dependent Countries?

What's Different about Monetary Policy Transmission in Remittance-Dependent Countries? »

Source: ¿En qué se diferencia la transmisión de la política monetaria en los países que dependen de las remesas?

Volume/Issue: 2016/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adolfo Barajas , Ralph Chami , Christian Ebeke , and Anne Oeking

Publisher: CEMLA/Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinamericano

Publication Date: 02 February 2017

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781475574487

Keywords: Europe, Guinea, Asia and Pacific, Antigua and Barbuda, Bhutan, Bulgaria, Banking sector, Western Hemisphere, Balance sheets, Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Pese a que las remesas aportan ventajas en materia de bienestar y reducción de la pobreza para los hogares receptores, se ha observado que también traen consigo problemas macroeconómicos: producen efecto de tipo ma...