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The Structural Determinants of the Labor Share in Europe

The Structural Determinants of the Labor Share in Europe »

Source: The Structural Determinants of the Labor Share in Europe

Volume/Issue: 2019/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dilyana Dimova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302920

Keywords: National income, Labor market reforms, National income accounts, Economic integration, Labor market policy, labor share, technology, employment policies, globalization, employment protection

The labor share in Europe has been on a downward trend. This paper finds that the decline is concentrated in manufacture and among low- to mid-skilled workers. The shifting nature of employment away from full-time...

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia »

Source: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1997/45

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 July 1997

ISBN: 9781451825978

Keywords: employment, national bank, monetary fund, unemployed, income from employment, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of,

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Explaining China's Low Consumption

Explaining China's Low Consumption »

Source: Explaining China's Low Consumption : The Neglected Role of Household Income

Volume/Issue: 2007/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jahangir Aziz , and Li Cui

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867459

Keywords: Financing Constraints, Rebalancing Growth, employment growth, employment, household income, household survey, national accounts,

The Chinese government has recently focused on the need to increase consumption to rebalance the economy. A widely held view is that despite China's remarkably high growth, the share of consumption in total expendi...

Measuring the Digital Economy

Measuring the Digital Economy »

Source: Measuring the Digital Economy

Volume/Issue: 2018/016

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2018

ISBN: 9781498307369

Keywords: Cost of living, National income, Price indexes, Monetary statistics, Financial statistics, digitalization, digital product, digital economy, MNEs, deflator

"Digitalization encompasses a wide range of new applications of information technology in business models and products that are transforming the economy and social interactions. Digitalization is both an enabler an...

Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development*

Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development* »

Source: Nonlinearity Between the Shadow Economy and Level of Development

Volume/Issue: 2019/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dong Frank Wu , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2019

ISBN: 9781484399613

Keywords: Shadow economy, National income, Social safety nets, Labor market flexibility, Economic growth, institutional factor, non-institutional, regression, long-run, country group

This paper is the first attempt to directly explore the long-run nonlinear relationship between the shadow economy and level of development. Using a dataset of 158 countries over the period from 1996 to 2015, our r...

It's Not What You Make, It's How You Use IT

It's Not What You Make, It's How You Use IT »

Source: It's Not What You Make, It's How You Use IT : Measuring the Welfare Benefits of the IT Revolution Across Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451854022

Keywords: welfare benefits, real gdp, benefits, national income, gdp per capita, Welfare Economics: General, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Comparative Studies of Countries,

This paper analyzes the welfare benefits from falling relative prices of IT (information technology) goods across a wide range of countries. We find, using two separate methodologies and datasets, that welfare bene...

Pursuing Women's Economic Empowerment

Pursuing Women's Economic Empowerment »

Source: Pursuing Women's Economic Empowerment

Volume/Issue: 2018/029

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2018

ISBN: 9781498308526

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Labor force participation, Low-income developing countries, Labor market reforms, Gross national product, gender gap, gender inequality, gender equality, IMF, inequality

"The economic and social imperative for women's economic empowerment is clear. Greater gender equality boosts economic growth and leads to better development outcomes. It contributes to reducing income inequality a...

The Great Divide: Regional Inequality and Fiscal Policy

The Great Divide: Regional Inequality and Fiscal Policy »

Source: The Great Divide: Regional Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 2019/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): William Gbohoui , W. Raphael Lam , and Victor Lledo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498311625

Keywords: Cost of living, National income, Social security, Development, Social indicators, Regional inequality, fiscal redistribution, mobility, intergovernmental relations, regional disparity

Growing regional inequality within countries has raised the perception that 'some places and people' are left behind. This has prompted a shift toward inward-looking policies and away from pro-growth reforms. This...

Statement by the Staff Representative on the United States June 21, 2019

New
Statement by the Staff Representative on the United States June 21, 2019 »

Source: United States : 2019 Article IV Consultation - Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the United States

Volume/Issue: 2019/174

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498320993

Keywords: Interest rates, Unemployment, National income, Gross domestic product, Economic growth, medium-term, fund rate, FOMC, U.S. economy, federal fund rate

The U.S. economy is in the longest expansion in recorded history. Unemployment is at levels not seen since the late 1960s, real wages are rising, and inflationary pressures remain subdued. Economic activity, while...

Statement by Mr. Rosen, Executive Director, Ms. Pollard, Senior Advisor, and Ms. Crane, Advisor on the United States June 21, 2019

New
Statement by Mr. Rosen, Executive Director, Ms. Pollard, Senior Advisor, and Ms. Crane, Advisor on the United States June 21, 2019 »

Source: United States : 2019 Article IV Consultation - Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the United States

Volume/Issue: 2019/174

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498320993

Keywords: Interest rates, Unemployment, National income, Gross domestic product, Economic growth, medium-term, fund rate, FOMC, U.S. economy, federal fund rate

The U.S. economy is in the longest expansion in recorded history. Unemployment is at levels not seen since the late 1960s, real wages are rising, and inflationary pressures remain subdued. Economic activity, while...