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Road Maps of the Transition
			: The Baltics, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Russia

Road Maps of the Transition : The Baltics, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Russia »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Michael Marrese , Mark Lutz , Tapio Saavalainen , Vincent Koen , Biswajit Banerjee , and Thomas Krueger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755193.084

ISBN: 9781557755193

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, monetary policy, monetary fund, capital inflows

Four papers analyze the process of transition to a market economy in the Baltics, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Russia through early 1995....

Policy Experiences and Issues in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Policy Experiences and Issues in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Daniel Citrin , and Ashok Lahiri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755186.084

ISBN: 9781557755186

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, money stock, monetary policy, central bank

This papers reviews the common challenges and key issues in the transition process, including the decline in output and determinants of future growth; the behavior of inflation and velocity and implications for sta...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

IMF and the Baltics

IMF and the Baltics »

Source: IMF and the Baltics : A Decade of Cooperation

Volume/Issue: 2003/241

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adalbert Knöbl , and Richard Haas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

ISBN: 9781451875829

Keywords: currency board, transition to market economy, inflation, monetary fund, central bank, fiscal policy, monetary policy,

The paper is an economic history of the IMF’s involvement in the Baltic states. It describes and analyzes the initial economic stabilization; the period of consolidation and recovery; the effects of the Russ...

Russian Federation

Russian Federation »

Source: Russian Federation : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2007/352

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2007

ISBN: 9781451833157

Keywords: exchange rate, price inflation, monetary policy

This Selected Issues paper on the Russian Federation underlies inflation persistence and evolution in response to structural shocks. Inflation in Russia has been characterized by a considerable degree of persistenc...

Russian Federation: Selected Issues

Russian Federation: Selected Issues »

Source: Russian Federation : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2007/352

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2007

ISBN: 9781451833157

Keywords: exchange rate, price inflation, monetary policy

This Selected Issues paper on the Russian Federation underlies inflation persistence and evolution in response to structural shocks. Inflation in Russia has been characterized by a considerable degree of persistenc...

The Role of MULTIMOD in the IMF's Policy Analysis

The Role of MULTIMOD in the IMF's Policy Analysis »

Source: The Role of MULTIMOD in the IMF's Policy Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2000/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Peter Isard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451972689

Keywords: Economic models, Fund policies, MULTIMOD, macroeconomic policy analysis, monetary policy, exchange rate, international monetary fund, exchange rate regime, government spending

This paper describes the basic structure, underlying philosophy, and key behavioral properties of MULTIMOD. It also focuses on several recent applications of macromodels in the IMF’s policy analysis, emphasi...

Russia and the IMF

Russia and the IMF »

Source: Russia and the IMF : The Political Economy of Macro-Stabilization

Volume/Issue: 1994/20

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Hernández-Catá

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

ISBN: 9781451963939

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, central bank, monetary financing, monetary fund, European II Department,

This paper reviews the experience with macroeconomic stabilization in Russia during the 2 1/2 years following the beginning of reforms in January 1992. It focuses on the different perceptions about the nature, the...

Central Bank Financial Strength, Transparency, and Policy Credibility

Central Bank Financial Strength, Transparency, and Policy Credibility »

Source: Central Bank Financial Strength, Transparency, and Policy Credibility

Volume/Issue: 2002/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451855920

Keywords: Central bank losses, credibility, central bank, inflation, monetary fund, monetary policy

A central bank is financially strong if it possesses resources sufficient to attain its fundamental policy objective(s). Once endowed with those resources, relations between government and central bank should be de...

The Estonian Currency Board

The Estonian Currency Board »

Source: The Estonian Currency Board : Its Introduction and Role in the Early Success of Estonia's Transition to a Market Economy

Volume/Issue: 2002/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andres Sutt , Basil Zavoiceo , and Adalbert Knöbl

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

ISBN: 9781451851922

Keywords: currency reform, exchange arrangements, currency board, transition to market economy, exchange rate, monetary policy, foreign exchange, central bank, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes,

This paper reviews the history of the introduction of the Estonian kroon under a currency board arrangement. On June 20, 1992, Estonia became the first country from the former Soviet Union to abandon the Russian ru...