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Measuring the Impact of Distortions in Agricultural Trade in Partial and General Equilibrium

Measuring the Impact of Distortions in Agricultural Trade in Partial and General Equilibrium »

Source: Measuring the Impact of Distortions in Agricultural Trade in Partial and General Equilibrium

Volume/Issue: 2003/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephen Tokarick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2003

ISBN: 9781451853360

Keywords: Models, input subsidies, production subsidies, price support, world price, Agriculture in International Trade,

This paper provides quantitative estimates of the impact of removing agricultural support (both tariffs and subsidies) in partial- and general-equilibrium frameworks. The results show that agricultural support in i...

Unemployment and Structural Unemployment in the Baltics1

Unemployment and Structural Unemployment in the Baltics1 »

Source: Unemployment and Structural Unemployment in the Baltics

Volume/Issue: 2014/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Greetje Everaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498317207

Keywords: Structural Unemployment, unemployment rate, nairu, beveridge, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search, Public Policy,

While the unemployment rate in the Baltics has fallen sharply from its crisis-peaks, it remains close to double digits. This paper estimates the structural component of the jobless rate in the three Baltic countrie...

Short- and Long-Term Poverty and Social Policy in a 'Snakes and Ladders' Model of Growth

Short- and Long-Term Poverty and Social Policy in a 'Snakes and Ladders' Model of Growth »

Source: Short- and Long-Term Poverty and Social Policy in a 'Snakes and Ladders' Model of Growth

Volume/Issue: 2001/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2001

ISBN: 9781451858570

Keywords: social insurance, income distribution, social safety nets, social safety net, Welfare and Poverty: General, One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models,

Throughout the world, the great popularity of programs to protect those who may fall into poverty stands in contrast with the weakness of policies aimed at helping individuals who are already poor to overcome long-...

Is Labor Market Mismatch a Big Deal in Japan?

Is Labor Market Mismatch a Big Deal in Japan? »

Source: Is Labor Market Mismatch a Big Deal in Japan?

Volume/Issue: 2013/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ippei Shibata

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2013

ISBN: 9781484392270

Keywords: mismatch, vacancies, Japanese labor market, employment, unemployed, unemployment rate, labor market, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence

Despite its low unemployment rate, the recent shift in the Japanese Beveridge curve indicates increased labor mismatch. This paper quantifies the age, employment-type (full or part-time), and occupational mismatch...

Can Inheritances Alleviate the Demographic Burden?

Can Inheritances Alleviate the Demographic Burden? »

Source: Can Inheritances Alleviate the Demographic Burden?

Volume/Issue: 2001/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erik Lueth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451852028

Keywords: Bequests, computable GEM, social insurance, aging, budget constraint, welfare loss, Social Security and Public Pensions, Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models,

With pay-as-you-go schemes in place, population aging will impose a heavy fiscal burden on young and future cohorts. However, these cohorts may also profit from larger inheritances as the number of heirs declines....

Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization

Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization »

Source: Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization : The Case of Indonesia

Volume/Issue: 2003/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Hong-Sang Jung

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451874525

Keywords: Public expenditure, CGE, petroleum prices, subsidy, income groups, household consumption, household groups, Computable General Equilibrium Models, State and Local Taxation, Subsidies

The impact of higher petroleum prices on the aggregate price level, real growth, and income distribution is appraised within a multisector computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. A reduction in the government s...

Lucas vs. Lucas

Lucas vs. Lucas »

Source: Lucas vs. Lucas : On Inequality and Growth

Volume/Issue: 2007/17

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Carlos Cordoba , and Genevieve Verdier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865813

Keywords: Welfare costs, inequality, social welfare, country inequality, welfare function, welfare measures, Distribution, General Aggregative Models, Consumption, Saving

Lucas (2004) asserts that "Of the tendencies that are harmful to sound economics, the most seductive, and in my opinion the most poisonous, is to focus on questions of distribution... The potential for improving th...

Population Aging in Japan

Population Aging in Japan »

Source: Population Aging in Japan : Demographic Shock and Fiscal Sustainability

Volume/Issue: 2001/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Mühleisen , and Hamid Faruqee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451845976

Keywords: saving, general equilibrium analysis, social security, birth rate, elderly, Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Production, Employment, and Investment: Forecasting and Simulation,

The paper develops a general equilibrium framework to examine the economic implications of population aging in Japan. Particular attention is paid to aggregate saving behavior which is modeled on the basis of empir...

Can Institutional Reform Reduce Job Destruction and Unemployment Duration? Yes it Can

Can Institutional Reform Reduce Job Destruction and Unemployment Duration? Yes it Can »

Source: Can Institutional Reform Reduce Job Destruction and Unemployment Duration? Yes it Can

Volume/Issue: 2012/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Esther Perez Ruiz , and Yao Yao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463937140

Keywords: Search model, unemployment inflows, unemployment duration, unemployment, unemployment rates, unemployment rate, employment, Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs: General

We read search theory's unemployment equilibrium condition as an Iso-Unemployment Curve(IUC).The IUC is the locus of job destruction rates and expected unemployment durations rendering the same unemployment level....

The Magnitude and Distribution of Fuel Subsidies

The Magnitude and Distribution of Fuel Subsidies »

Source: The Magnitude and Distribution of Fuel Subsidies : Evidence from Bolivia, Ghana, Jordan, Mali, and Sri Lanka

Volume/Issue: 2006/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Gillingham , David Locke Newhouse , David Coady , Kangni Kpodar , Moataz El-Said , and Paulo Medas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

ISBN: 9781451865073

Keywords: welfare distribution, subsidy, consumer subsidies, domestic prices, safety net, Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics: General, Input-Output Models, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions

With the recent jump in world oil prices, the issue of petroleum product pricing has become increasingly important in developing countries. Reflecting a reluctance of many governments to pass these price increases...