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Inflation Persistence in Brazil - A Cross Country Comparison

Inflation Persistence in Brazil - A Cross Country Comparison »

Source: Inflation Persistence in Brazil - A Cross Country Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2014/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shaun Roache

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2014

ISBN: 9781475585230

Keywords: actual inflation, inflation rate

Inflation persistence is sometimes defined as the tendency for price shocks to push the inflation rate away from its steady state-including an inflation target-for a prolonged period. Persistence is important becau...

Inflation Smoothing and the Modest Effect of VAT in Germany

Inflation Smoothing and the Modest Effect of VAT in Germany »

Source: Inflation Smoothing and the Modest Effect of VAT in Germany

Volume/Issue: 2008/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephan Danninger , and Alina Carare

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870336

Keywords: VAT, inflation rates, inflation rate, annual inflation,

Increases in German core inflation following the 2007 VAT hike were smaller than expected, leading to speculation about delayed inflationary effects. This paper argues to the contrary that price increases in advanc...

Stock Market Response to Unexpected Macroeconomic News

Stock Market Response to Unexpected Macroeconomic News »

Source: Stock Market Response to Unexpected Macroeconomic News : The Australian Evidence

Volume/Issue: 1992/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mahdi Sadeghi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1992

ISBN: 9781451964974

Keywords: inflation, survey, inflation rate, inflation rates, correlation

This paper provides empirical evidence on the relationship between unexpected changes in macroeconomic variables and Australian stock returns over the period 1980-1991. The results suggest that stock returns are po...

On Price Stability and Welfare

On Price Stability and Welfare »

Source: On Price Stability and Welfare

Volume/Issue: 2012/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Etienne Yehoue

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505375

Keywords: Inflation, inflation target, real interest rate, inflation rate, low inflation

The financial crisis in the advanced countries that began in 2007 has led central bankers to adopt unconventional policy measures as policy interest rates neared the zero bound. One suggestion (Blanchard, Dell'Aric...

Currency Substitution

Currency Substitution »

Source: Currency Substitution : The Recent Experience of Bolivia

Volume/Issue: 1992/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , and Gerd Schwartz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1992

ISBN: 9781451848618

Keywords: foreign currency, inflation, exchange rate, inflation rates

This paper analyzes the determinants of currency substitution in Bolivia in the period following the 1984/85 hyperinflation. We find that expected exchange rate depreciation and actual interest rate differentials b...

Inflation in African Countries

Inflation in African Countries »

Source: Inflation in African Countries : General Issues and Effecton the Financial Sector

Volume/Issue: 1989/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 1989

ISBN: 9781451953657

Keywords: inflation, inflation rates, monetary expansion, inflation rate, high inflation

Since the mid-1970s the annual inflation rate in Africa has averaged more than 15 percent, with many countries experiencing rates of 20 percent or more. Inflation rates of this magnitude have significant adverse ef...

Empirical Analysis of High-Inflation Episodes in Argentina, Brazil, and Israel

Empirical Analysis of High-Inflation Episodes in Argentina, Brazil, and Israel »

Source: Empirical Analysis of High-Inflation Episodes in Argentina, Brazil, and Israel

Volume/Issue: 1988/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1988

ISBN: 9781451960969

Keywords: inflation, inflation rate, money growth, rate of inflation, high inflation

Although accommodative policies and widespread indexation may account for the persistence of high inflation, they cannot explain changes in the inflation rate. This paper examines the causes of such changes for the...

The Disappearing Openness-Inflation Relationship

The Disappearing Openness-Inflation Relationship »

Source: The Disappearing Openness-Inflation Relationship : A Cross-Country Analysis of Inflation Rates

Volume/Issue: 1999/161

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): M. Bleaney

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

ISBN: 9781451857795

Keywords: Exchange rate, openness, exchange rate regime, inflation rates, inflation rate

The robust negative correlation between openness and inflation found in cross-country data for the 1970s and 1980s has disappeared in the 1990s. There is now a strong negative correlation of inflation with per capi...

Credibility and the Dynamics of Stabilization Policy

Credibility and the Dynamics of Stabilization Policy »

Source: Credibility and the Dynamics of Stabilization Policy : A Basic Framework

Volume/Issue: 1990/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , and Carlos Végh Gramont

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1990

ISBN: 9781451945584

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, real exchange rate, exchange rates, inflation rate

This paper studies price stabilization policy under both predetermined and flexible exchange rates. Under predetermined exchange rates, a non-credible stabilization program results in an initial expansion of output...

Index Number Biases During Price Liberalization

Index Number Biases During Price Liberalization »

Source: Index Number Biases During Price Liberalization

Volume/Issue: 1991/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kent Osband

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1991

ISBN: 9781451849776

Keywords: inflation, black market, money supply, inflation rates, inflation rate

When a formerly centrally-planned economy frees prices and allows or compels producers to respond to market signals, conventional measures tend to severely overstate short–run output decline and inflation. I...