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Criteria of External Sustainability

Criteria of External Sustainability »

Source: Criteria of External Sustainability

Volume/Issue: 1988/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 1988

ISBN: 9781451965209

Keywords: current account, current account balance, current account imbalances, foreign debt, current account imbalance

This paper analyzes the main conceptual issues that arise in assessing external sustainability with a view toward developing operational criteria for the purposes of multilateral surveillance. The main contribution...

Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances

Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances »

Source: Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances

Volume/Issue: 2012/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Ranciere , Nathaniel Throckmorton , Michael Kumhof , Claire Lebarz , and Alexander Richter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463930578

Keywords: Current account imbalances, income inequality; financial liberalization., current account, current account deficit, private credit, current account balance, Income Inequality and Current Account Imbalances, Financial Liberalization,

This paper studies the empirical and theoretical link between increases in income inequality and increases in current account deficits. Cross-sectional econometric evidence shows that higher top income shares, and...

Systemic Risk, Aggregate Demand, and Commodity Prices

Systemic Risk, Aggregate Demand, and Commodity Prices »

Source: Systemic Risk, Aggregate Demand, and Commodity Prices

Volume/Issue: 2015/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Javier Gómez?Pineda , Dominique Guillaume , and Kadir Tanyeri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513552545

Keywords: Financial linkages, Global imbalances Commodity prices, output, country risk, trade, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Forecasting and Simulation,

The paper presents a global model with systemic and country risks, as well as commodity prices.We show that systemic risk shocks have an important impact on world economic activity, with the busts in world output g...

External Imbalances and Financial Crises

External Imbalances and Financial Crises »

Source: External Imbalances and Financial Crises

Volume/Issue: 2013/260

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alan Taylor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2013

ISBN: 9781484322260

Keywords: financial openness, external imbalances, credit booms, recessions, recession, General, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance, General, International, or Comparative,

Consider two views of the global financial crisis. One view looks across the border: it blames external imbalances, the unprecedented current account deficits and surpluses in recent years. Another view looks withi...

International Capital Flows and Debt Dynamics

International Capital Flows and Debt Dynamics »

Source: International Capital Flows and Debt Dynamics

Volume/Issue: 2012/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Evans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475505238

Keywords: External Imbalances, International Debt, International Solvency, Exorbitant Privilege, foreign asset, foreign assets, foreign liabilities, capital gains, International Lending and Debt Problems,

This paper presents a new model for studying international capital flows and debt dynamics that emphasizes the role played by expectations concerning future trade flows and returns. I use the model to estimate the...

Budget Consolidation

Budget Consolidation »

Source: Budget Consolidation : Short-Term Pain and Long-Term Gain

Volume/Issue: 2010/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Douglas Laxton , Susanna Mursula , Kevin Clinton , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201464

Keywords: current account imbalances, tax reform, income taxes, consumption taxes, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

The paper evaluates the costs and benefits of fiscal consolidation using simulations based on the IMFs global DSGE model GIMF. Over the longer run, well-targeted permanent reductions in budget deficits lead to a co...

Fiscal Deficits and Current Account Deficits

Fiscal Deficits and Current Account Deficits »

Source: Fiscal Deficits and Current Account Deficits

Volume/Issue: 2009/237

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Kumhof , and Douglas Laxton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

ISBN: 9781451873849

Keywords: Non-Ricardian Households, Government Deficits, Global Current Account Imbalances, current account, fiscal deficits, government spending, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

The effectiveness of recent fiscal stimulus packages significantly depends on the assumption of non-Ricardian savings behavior. We show that, under the same assumption, fiscal deficits can have worrisome implicatio...

Monetary Policy and Financial Stability

Monetary Policy and Financial Stability »

Source: Monetary Policy and Financial Stability

Volume/Issue: 2015/045

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2015

ISBN: 9781498344265

Keywords: Financial regulation and supervision, Central banking and monetary issues, Financial crises, Economic conditions, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, financial variable, financial stability, interest rate hike, financial imbalance, asset price

The issue of using monetary policy for financial stability purposes is hotly contested. The crisis was a reminder that price stability is not sufficient for financial stability, financial crises are costly, and pol...

European Financial Linkages

European Financial Linkages »

Source: European Financial Linkages : A New Look At Imbalances

Volume/Issue: 2010/295

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

ISBN: 9781455211760

Keywords: Net foreign assets, current account imbalances, foreign assets, foreign asset, foreign asset positions, direct investment, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Lending and Debt Problems, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

We document external investment positions among European Union countries at the start of the financial crisis through the creation of a new database comprising bilateral external financial asset and liabilities, ex...

Macroeconomic and Welfare Costs of U.S. Fiscal Imbalances

Macroeconomic and Welfare Costs of U.S. Fiscal Imbalances »

Source: Macroeconomic and Welfare Costs of U.S. Fiscal Imbalances

Volume/Issue: 2012/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bertrand Gruss , and Jose L. Torres

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463933814

Keywords: growth, entrepreneurs, entrepreneurial ability, Macroeconomic and Welfare Costs of U.S. Fiscal Imbalances, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment: General (includes Measurement and Data), Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General

In this paper we use a general equilibrium model with heterogeneous agents to assess the macroeconomic and welfare consequences in the United States of alternative fiscal policies over the medium-term. We find that...