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Climate Change and Energy Systems
			: Impacts, Risks and Adaptation in the Nordic and Baltic countries

Climate Change and Energy Systems : Impacts, Risks and Adaptation in the Nordic and Baltic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Halldór Björnsson , and Thorsteinn Thorsteinsson

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9789289321907

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Renewable Energy, Global Energy Consumption, Fossil Fuel, Forest Growth Data, Global Circulation Models, Energy Sector

Renewable energy sources contribute 16% of the global energy consumption and most nations are working to increase the share of renewables in their total energy budget, to reduce the dependence on fossil fuel source...

Long-Run Productivity Shifts and Cyclical Fluctuations

Long-Run Productivity Shifts and Cyclical Fluctuations »

Source: Long-Run Productivity Shifts and Cyclical Fluctuations : Evidence for Italy

Volume/Issue: 2005/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Silvia Sgherri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

ISBN: 9781451862478

Keywords: Productivity growth, business cycle, unobserved components models, filtering, tfp, employment, unemployment, growth accounting, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models,

Using unobserved stochastic components and Kalman filter techniques, the paper assesses the relative importance of transitory and permanent shifts in Italian real GDP within a production function framework. Evidenc...

Estimation of Economic Growth in France Using Business Survey Data1

Estimation of Economic Growth in France Using Business Survey Data1 »

Source: Estimation of Economic Growth in France Using Business Survey Data

Volume/Issue: 2004/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Kabundi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451849097

Keywords: Dynamic factor models, survey data, forecasting, surveys, growth rate, economic growth, economic growth rate, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Models with Panel Data, Survey Methods, Forecasting and Other Model Applications

This paper proposes a new way of computing a coincident indicator for economic activity in France using data from business surveys. We use the generalized dynamic factor model à la Forni and others (2000) to extrac...

Can the IMF's Medium-Term Growth Projections Be Improved?

Can the IMF's Medium-Term Growth Projections Be Improved? »

Source: Can the IMF's Medium-Term Growth Projections Be Improved?

Volume/Issue: 2004/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo , and Catia Batista

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

ISBN: 9781451874488

Keywords: Model estimation, forecasting, growth, inflation, statistic, terms of trade, inflation rates, Model Construction and Estimation, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General

Numerous reports have noted that the IMF's medium-term growth projections are overly optimistic, raising questions as to how these can be improved. To this end, we estimate a growth model and examine its out-of-sam...

Determinants of Inflation in a Transition Economy

Determinants of Inflation in a Transition Economy »

Source: Determinants of Inflation in a Transition Economy : The Case of Ukraine

Volume/Issue: 2003/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bogdan Lissovolik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451854923

Keywords: transition, cointegration, money demand, price level, high inflation, money growth, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models,

This paper examines determinants of inflation in Ukraine during 1993-2002 in a cointegrating framework. Two basic theoretical models-a markup and a money market model-are tested. While broad money is cointegrated w...

After the Crisis

After the Crisis »

Source: After the Crisis : Assessing the Damage in Italy

Volume/Issue: 2010/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Silvia Sgherri , and Hanan Morsy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209446

Keywords: productivity growth, output losses, unemployment, total factor productivity, tfp, employment, real gdp, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models,

Italy's deep-rooted structural problems resulted in an unsatisfactory productivity performance and a dismal growth over the last 15 years. The global financial crisis has exacerbated these long-standing weaknesses,...

Beyond the Crisis

Beyond the Crisis »

Source: Beyond the Crisis : Revisiting Emerging Europe's Growth Model

Volume/Issue: 2010/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruben Atoyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2010

ISBN: 9781451982565

Keywords: sustainable economic growth, sources of growth, external vulnerabilities, economic growth, capital inflows, growth model, capital flows, private capital flows, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economywide Country Studies: Europe,

Focusing on the nexus between economic growth and buildup of external vulnerabilities, this paper provides a systematic account of different growth strategies followed in Central and Eastern Europe in 2000-08 and t...

Russian Federation: Selected Issues

Russian Federation: Selected Issues »

Source: Russian Federation : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2012/218

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2012

Language: Russian

ISBN: 9781475505979

Keywords: capital utilization, capital stock, gdp growth, growth rate, growth accounting, growth model, growth rates, cost of capital, capital accumulation, growth theories

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

We Just Averaged over Two Trillion Cross-Country Growth Regressions

We Just Averaged over Two Trillion Cross-Country Growth Regressions »

Source: We Just Averaged over Two Trillion Cross-Country Growth Regressions

Volume/Issue: 1999/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Steel , and Eduardo Ley

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

ISBN: 9781451852493

Keywords: Bayesian model averaging, choice of regressors, economic growth, Markov chain Monte Carlo, prediction, probabilities, probability, linear regression, growth regression

We investigate the issue of model uncertainty in cross-country growth regressions using Bayesian model averaging (BMA). We find that the posterior probability is distributed among many models, suggesting the superi...

Growth Slowdown in Bureaucratic Economic Systems

Growth Slowdown in Bureaucratic Economic Systems »

Source: Growth Slowdown in Bureaucratic Economic Systems : An Issue Revisited

Volume/Issue: 2001/6

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , and Zuzana Brixiova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451842296

Keywords: Bureaucracy, planning, growth, growth rates, linear trend, statistics, economic growth, time series, One, Two

Bureaucratically organized systems tend to be less efficient than economies in which agents are free to choose their output targets, as well as the means to meet them. This paper presents a simple model of planner-...