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Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries
			: Occa Paper No.65

Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries : Occa Paper No.65 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1989

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557751164.084

ISBN: 9781557751164

Keywords: hedging, futures contracts, hedge, futures contract, futures markets

This paper examines the types of market-related hedging instruments that could potentially be useful to indebted developing countries as they seek to manage the financial risks created by variability of the prices...

The Structure and Operation of the World Gold Market

The Structure and Operation of the World Gold Market »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): M. O'Callaghan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752819.084

ISBN: 9781557752819

Keywords: gold, hoarding, futures contracts, gold futures, gold markets

This paper describes the structure of the world gold market, its sources of supply and demand, and how it functions. The paper examines the composition and origin of physical stocks of gold, their flows, and their...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries : Occa Paper No.65

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557751164

Keywords: hedging, futures contracts, hedge, futures contract, futures markets

In 1979 the European Monetary System (EMS) was established to create a “zone of monetary stability” within the European Community (EC). This zone of stability was to be achieved by means of close monetary co...

II Institutional Structure and Historical Development of the EMS

II Institutional Structure and Historical Development of the EMS »

Source: Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries : Occa Paper No.65

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557751164

Keywords: hedging, futures contracts, hedge, futures contract, futures markets

Objectives of the EMS The objectives of the EMS were identified in discussions at the European Council during the period leading up to the establishment of the system in early 1979....

III The “1992 Program” to Unify EC Financial Markets

III The “1992 Program” to Unify EC Financial Markets »

Source: Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries : Occa Paper No.65

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557751164

Keywords: hedging, futures contracts, hedge, futures contract, futures markets

The Single Market Program In June 1985, EC heads of governments approved a White Paper, put forward by the Commission, which contained some 300 measures designed to further unify EC...

IV Maintaining a Zone of Monetary Stability

IV Maintaining a Zone of Monetary Stability »

Source: Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries : Occa Paper No.65

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557751164

Keywords: hedging, futures contracts, hedge, futures contract, futures markets

The prospective structural changes in European financial markets associated with 1992, along with the increased scope for currency substitution and portfolio diversification, have prompted new questions abou...

V Implications for the International Monetary System and Other Countries

V Implications for the International Monetary System and Other Countries »

Source: Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries : Occa Paper No.65

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557751164

Keywords: hedging, futures contracts, hedge, futures contract, futures markets

The full implementation of the single market program could affect a broad range of economic and financial relationships between the EC and the rest of the world. It could also have implications for the struc...

VI Summary

VI Summary »

Source: Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries : Occa Paper No.65

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557751164

Keywords: hedging, futures contracts, hedge, futures contract, futures markets

The EMS has successfully maintained a zone of monetary stability within the EC since it was established in 1979 by means of close monetary cooperation and coordinated exchange rate management. As a result, t...

Appendix Note on the Official Reporting of Gold Flows

Appendix Note on the Official Reporting of Gold Flows »

Source: The Structure and Operation of the World Gold Market

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): M. O'Callaghan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

ISBN: 9781557752819

Keywords: gold, hoarding, futures contracts, gold futures, gold markets

This Appendix summarizes various practices and sources for reporting gold flows. Table 11 indicates conversion factors for gold, and Table 12 indicates purity standards for gold....

I. Introduction

I. Introduction »

Source: The Structure and Operation of the World Gold Market

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): M. O'Callaghan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

ISBN: 9781557752819

Keywords: gold, hoarding, futures contracts, gold futures, gold markets

In spite of gold’s historical monetary significance, a freely functioning world market for gold has just recently come of age. When the price of gold was maintained by monetary authorities at a pre-determine...