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Regionalism or Multilateralism? A Political Economy Choice1

Regionalism or Multilateralism? A Political Economy Choice1 »

Source: Regionalism or Multilateralism? A Political Economy Choice

Volume/Issue: 2008/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869279

Keywords: Regional Trade Agreement, Multilateral Trade Agreement, Lobbying, regional trade, trade agreement, free trade, free trade agreement,

This paper provides a political economy analysis of the incentives underpinning a country's decision to enter a regional trade agreement when a multilateral free trade agreement is available, and of how entering a...

Trade Policies and Lithuania's Reintegration Into the Global Economy

Trade Policies and Lithuania's Reintegration Into the Global Economy »

Source: Trade Policies and Lithuania's Reintegration Into the Global Economy

Volume/Issue: 1995/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Cornelius , Jonas Cicinskas , and Dalia Treigiené

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

ISBN: 9781451929973

Keywords: foreign trade, free trade, trade shock, free trade agreements, world market

The reintegration into the world economy has been an integral part of Lithuania’s transformation process. Trade policy reform has been assigned a key role, aiming at opening up the economy and redirecting fo...

Regional Integration and Baltic Trade and Investment Performance

Regional Integration and Baltic Trade and Investment Performance »

Source: Regional Integration and Baltic Trade and Investment Performance

Volume/Issue: 1997/167

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Sharer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

ISBN: 9781451858143

Keywords: fdi, free trade, trade creation, trade diversion, market access

This paper analyzes the role of regional arrangements in trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) performance in the Baltics. While progress with transition is a key determinant of trade and FDI performance, regio...

Is Regionalism Simply a Diversion? Evidence from the Evolution of the EC and EFTA1/

Is Regionalism Simply a Diversion? Evidence from the Evolution of the EC and EFTA1/ »

Source: Is Regionalism Simply a Diversion? Evidence from the Evolution of the EC and EFTA

Volume/Issue: 1995/109

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Barry Eichengreen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1995

ISBN: 9781451853155

Keywords: trade diversion, dummy variables, trade creation, free trade, equation

This paper considers the impact on trade of preferential arrangements in Europe since the 1950s. Using a first difference version of the gravity model, we find that the EEC and EFTA altered the pattern of internati...

Trade and Industrialization in Developing Agricultural Economies1

Trade and Industrialization in Developing Agricultural Economies1 »

Source: Trade and Industrialization in Developing Agricultural Economies

Volume/Issue: 1999/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Athanasios Vamvakidis , and Sergei Dodzin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

ISBN: 9781451856521

Keywords: economic integration, free trade, international trade, trade share, correlation, statistic

This paper examines the impact of international trade on industrialization in developing agricultural economies. The findings show that developing agricultural economies that increased their openness during 1970-95...

The "Gulliver Effect" and the "Optimal Divergence" Approach to Trade Policies

The "Gulliver Effect" and the "Optimal Divergence" Approach to Trade Policies »

Source: The "Gulliver Effect" and the "Optimal Divergence" Approach to Trade Policies : The Case of Nepal

Volume/Issue: 1988/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 October 1988

ISBN: 9781451951370

Keywords: quantitative restrictions, free trade, trade policies, domestic market, world prices

The relevant “size” of an economy is affected by its environment. A country could be small in the world economy yet become big in relation to its smaller neighbors, imposing on them its relative price...

Trade Policy and Market Structure Interactions in Developing Countries

Trade Policy and Market Structure Interactions in Developing Countries »

Source: Trade Policy and Market Structure Interactions in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1989/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 1989

ISBN: 9781451951639

Keywords: equation, free trade, imported inputs, perfect competition, trade regimes

This paper shows that the presence of quotas on imported inputs that are based on installed capacity can lead to capacity underutilization in manufacturing industries of developing countries. A replacement of such...

The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly

The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly »

Source: The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly

Volume/Issue: 2003/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shang-Jin Wei , and Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

ISBN: 9781451859430

Keywords: WTO, gravity, special and differential treatment, industrial country, industrial countries, free trade area, free trade, trade liberalization,

This paper furnishes robust evidence that the GATT/WTO has had a powerful and positive impact on trade. The impact has, however, been uneven. GATT/WTO membership for industrial countries has been associated with a...

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region »

Source: Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region

Volume/Issue: 2005/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tubagus Feridhanusetyawan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861686

Keywords: Pacific, FTA, Preferential Trade Agreement, rules of origin, regional trade, trade agreements, free trade, tariff reduction,

Preferential trade agreements (PTAs) in the Asia-Pacific region have proliferated rapidly over the past five years and are creating a complex web of intersecting bilateral and regional trade agreements. This paper...

Free Trade Areas and Rules of Origin

Free Trade Areas and Rules of Origin »

Source: Free Trade Areas and Rules of Origin : Economics and Politics

Volume/Issue: 2003/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Panagariya , and Rupa Duttagupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451875492

Keywords: Rules of Origin, FTA, hc, tariff revenue, free trade, trade creating, Trade: General,

Incorporating intermediate inputs into a small-union general-equilibrium model, this paper first develops the welfare economics of preferential trading under the rules of origin (ROO) and then demonstrates that the...