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Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility
			: Developments and Issues

Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757951.083

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

This study reviews the developments and issues in the exchange arrangements and currency convertibility of IMF members. The principal information source for this report is the Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements...

Official Foreign Exchange Intervention

Official Foreign Exchange Intervention »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jorge Canales Kriljenko , Cem Karacadag , Roberto Guimarães , and Shogo Ishii

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064218.084

ISBN: 9781589064218

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, central bank, exchange rate volatility

Despite increasing exchange rate flexibility, central banks in emerging markets still intervene in their foreign exchange markets for several reasons. In doing so, they face many operational questions, including on...

Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752796.084

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

The two papers draw from the brief yet radical reform experiences of five countries-Bulgaria, former Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. The first paper describes the financial sector reforms untertaken b...

National Bank of Poland
			: The Road to Indirect Instruments

National Bank of Poland : The Road to Indirect Instruments »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Piero Ugolini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756022.084

ISBN: 9781557756022

Keywords: national bank, banking, foreign exchange, open market operations, central bank

Poland was the first centrally planned economy in Eastern Europe to leave the Soviet bloc and introduce systemic reforms in all sectors of the economy. The transformation of the National Bank from a monobank to an...

Developing Essential Financial Markets in Smaller Economies
			: Stylized Facts and Policy Options

Developing Essential Financial Markets in Smaller Economies : Stylized Facts and Policy Options »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067752.084

ISBN: 9781589067752

Keywords: Banking systems, Central bank policy, Financial sector, Small states, Stock markets, foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, equity markets, stock exchange

This paper surveys the foreign exchange markets, money and secondary government security markets, and stock exchanges in 107 smaller economy countries. The underdevelopment of these markets impedes risk transfer, m...

Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756985.084

ISBN: 9781557756985

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, interbank market

Since 1991, the 15 countries under review - have to varying degrees, been pursuing reforms whose broad objectives have been to achieve market-based determination of interest rates and exchange rates, manage banking...

Foreign Exchange Intervention in Inflation Targeters in Latin America

Foreign Exchange Intervention in Inflation Targeters in Latin America »

Series: Books

Author(s): Marcos Chamon , David Hofman , Nicolas Magud , and Alejandro Werner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375686.071

ISBN: 9781484375686

Keywords: Foreign exchange intervention, Exchange rates, Inflation targeting, Central banks, Exchange markets, Exchange rate policy, Exchange policy, central bank, volatility, exchange market

Foreign exchange intervention is widely used as a policy tool, particularly in emerging markets, but many facets of this tool remain limited, especially in the context of flexible exchange rate regimes. The Latin A...

Hungary
			: An Economic Survey

Hungary : An Economic Survey »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 1982

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451963830.084

ISBN: 9781451963830

Keywords: Economic conditions, national bank, foreign trade, foreign exchange, world market, banking

This paper presents an overview of the economy of Hungary. The paper highlights that during the Fifth Five-Year Plan (1976-80), actual growth rates for almost all major plan aggregates remained below the targets. T...

Romania

Romania »

Source: Romania : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Background Studies

Volume/Issue: 1996/9

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451832679

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, banking, foreign exchange market, banking system

This Recent Economic Developments and Selected Background Studies paper on Romania provides an overview of key monetary and real sector developments in 1995, including the impact of agricultural credit on monetary...

Belarus

Belarus »

Source: Belarus : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1999/143

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451805048

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, national bank, banking, foreign exchange market

In pursuing their economic policy, the authorities have taken advantage of the existence of excess industrial capacity and have relied on price and exchange controls in an attempt to contain inflation pressures. In...