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Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752796.084

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

The two papers draw from the brief yet radical reform experiences of five countries-Bulgaria, former Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. The first paper describes the financial sector reforms untertaken b...

Developing Essential Financial Markets in Smaller Economies
			: Stylized Facts and Policy Options

Developing Essential Financial Markets in Smaller Economies : Stylized Facts and Policy Options »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067752.084

ISBN: 9781589067752

Keywords: Banking systems, Central bank policy, Financial sector, Small states, Stock markets, foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, equity markets, stock exchange

This paper surveys the foreign exchange markets, money and secondary government security markets, and stock exchanges in 107 smaller economy countries. The underdevelopment of these markets impedes risk transfer, m...

Part I Financial Markets and Intermediation

Part I Financial Markets and Intermediation »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

This paper analyzes a number of issues related to the development of financial markets in the previously centrally planned economies (PCPEs) of Eastern Europe. 1 Thes...

II Recent Developments and the Role of the Financial Sector

II Recent Developments and the Role of the Financial Sector »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

This section notes recent economic developments in the Eastern European countries, in particular, the sharp declines in output and real earnings. Among the reasons for the declines were the inev...

III Development of the Financial Sector

III Development of the Financial Sector »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

This section describes the prereform financial system in the PCPEs and discusses the main reforms these countries have instituted to date in the banking sector. As a result of the reforms, the c...

IV Performance of the Banking Sector

IV Performance of the Banking Sector »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

One of the key problems facing the newly constituted commercial banks is the poor quality of loan portfolios. This section discusses the problem and suggests several approaches for dealing with...

V Privatization and Capital Markets

V Privatization and Capital Markets »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

Although the PCPEs have begun to reform their banking sectors, serious problems remain. At the same time, long-term capital markets, including equity and bond markets, remain underdeveloped. It...

VI Financial Sector Reforms and Stabilization Policies

VI Financial Sector Reforms and Stabilization Policies »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

This section notes the close linkages between financial sector reform and the conduct of monetary policy, including the recent introduction of indirect instruments of monetary management, and th...

VII Credibility and Prudential Supervision

VII Credibility and Prudential Supervision »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

This section discusses issues related to promoting stability in the banking system and examines some of the pitfalls that are inherent in the reform process. The strength of the emerging market-...