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The Mongolian People's Republic
			: Toward a Market Economy

The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752079.084

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

This paper is based on an IMF staff report prepared in connection with the application of the Mongolian People's Republic (Mongolia) for membership in the International Monetary Fund. It reviews Mongolia's politica...

National Bank of Poland
			: The Road to Indirect Instruments

National Bank of Poland : The Road to Indirect Instruments »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Piero Ugolini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756022.084

ISBN: 9781557756022

Keywords: national bank, banking, foreign exchange, open market operations, central bank

Poland was the first centrally planned economy in Eastern Europe to leave the Soviet bloc and introduce systemic reforms in all sectors of the economy. The transformation of the National Bank from a monobank to an...

Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756985.084

ISBN: 9781557756985

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, interbank market

Since 1991, the 15 countries under review - have to varying degrees, been pursuing reforms whose broad objectives have been to achieve market-based determination of interest rates and exchange rates, manage banking...

Monetary and Exchange System Reforms in China
			: An Experiment in Gradualism

Monetary and Exchange System Reforms in China : An Experiment in Gradualism »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn , Bernard Laurens , Hassanali Mehran , and Tom Nordman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755629.084

ISBN: 9781557755629

Keywords: foreign exchange, central bank, monetary policy, bonds, financial sector

In 1978, China embarked on a gradual but far-reaching reform of its economic system. This paper focuses on the achievements so far in reforming the financial sector, the legal framework for financial transactions,...

Switzerland's Role as an International Financial Center

Switzerland's Role as an International Financial Center »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934744.084

ISBN: 9780939934744

Keywords: banking, national bank, bond, oil exporting countries, foreign bond

This paper was prepared by Benedicte Vibe Christensen in the European Department of the International Monetary Fund under the direction of Gyorgy Szapary. It describes developments in international financial transa...

Economic Policy in a Highly Dollarized Economy
			: The Case of Cambodia

Economic Policy in a Highly Dollarized Economy : The Case of Cambodia »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061897.084

ISBN: 9781589061897

Keywords: Dollarization, national bank, inflation, foreign currency, currency board

This study examines the challenges and issues facing policymakers in highly dollarized economies. Focusing on Cambodia, which achieved almost complete dollarization during 1991-95, the authors review recent develop...

Hungary
			: An Economic Survey

Hungary : An Economic Survey »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 1982

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451963830.084

ISBN: 9781451963830

Keywords: Economic conditions, national bank, foreign trade, foreign exchange, world market, banking

This paper presents an overview of the economy of Hungary. The paper highlights that during the Fifth Five-Year Plan (1976-80), actual growth rates for almost all major plan aggregates remained below the targets. T...

Challenges to Central Banking from Globalized Financial Systems

Challenges to Central Banking from Globalized Financial Systems »

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Andrea Schaechter , Piero Ugolini , and Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062177.072

ISBN: 9781589062177

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, central bank, financial stability, foreign currency

Increasing global financial market integration is presenting new challenges to central banks as they seek to attain low inflation and financial stability. This volume is based on a conference hosted by the IMF in S...

Financial Fragilities in Latin America
			: The 1980s and 1990s

Financial Fragilities in Latin America : The 1980s and 1990s »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Steven Weisbrod , and Liliana Rojas-Suárez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755025.084

ISBN: 9781557755025

Keywords: banking, banking system, central bank, foreign exchange, reserve requirements

By reviewing the experiences of Latin American countries with the restructuring of their financial sectors since 1982, this paper derives lessons regarding the most effective ways to deal with banking difficulties...

Financial Sector Development in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Financial Sector Development in Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jean-Pierre Briffaut , George Iden , Peter Hayward , Tonny Lybek , Hassanali Mehran , Piero Ugolini , and Stephen Swaray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757586.084

ISBN: 9781557757586

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, monetary policy, payments

This study takes stock of progress made so far in the financial sectors of sub-saharan African countries. It recommends further reforms and specific measures in the areas of supervision, development of monetary ope...