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Instruments of Monetary Management
			: Issues and Country Experiences

Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755988.071

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

Many countries have reformed their monetary instruments over the last few years. Edited by Tomas J.T. Balino and Lorena M. Zamalloa, this volume deals with the design, implementation, and coordination of major mone...

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia »

Source: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1995/50

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 1995

ISBN: 9781451825961

Keywords: national bank, inflation, foreign exchange, monetary policy, banking, Macedonia,

This paper reviews economic developments in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia during 1990-95. The financial stabilization in 1994 was a result of three key policy changes. The National Bank abolished its sy...

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Banking Soundness and Recent Lessons

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Banking Soundness and Recent Lessons »

Source: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Banking Soundness and Recent Lessons

Volume/Issue: 2000/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2000

ISBN: 9781451856538

Keywords: Banking soundness, banking supervision, banking system, foreign currency, foreign exchange, national bank, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of, Macedonia, Fyr,

After several years of transition, major weaknesses in the banking and enterprise sectors remain the root cause of low growth. A large share of nonperforming assets in the portfolio of large banks, stemming from lo...

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia »

Source: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/82

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451825985

Keywords: foreign exchange, transition economies, balance of payments, banking, national bank, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of,

This paper reviews economic developments in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia during 1994-98. In 1994-95, the authorities reasserted control over monetary policy, stabilized the exchange rate, and undertook...

5. Use of Foreign Exchange Swaps by Central Banks

5. Use of Foreign Exchange Swaps by Central Banks »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

A foreign exchange swap is a financial transaction in which two counterparties exchange specific amounts of two different currencies at the outset and repay at a future date according to a prede...

6 Introducing Open Market Operations, Reforms in Markets, and Policy Instruments

6 Introducing Open Market Operations, Reforms in Markets, and Policy Instruments »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

Open market operations have become the major instrument of monetary control in industrial countries. In those countries, the evolution of well-developed, active interbank, money, and securities...

7. Bank-by-Bank Credit Ceilings: Issues and Experiences

7. Bank-by-Bank Credit Ceilings: Issues and Experiences »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

A number of countries used direct methods of monetary control and, in particular, bank-specific credit ceilings to control monetary and credit aggregates by allocating credit directly among fina...

8 Liquid Asset Requirements: Role and Reform

8 Liquid Asset Requirements: Role and Reform »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

A liquid asset requirement, or ratio, is defined as the obligation of commercial banks to maintain a predetermined percentage of total deposits and certain other liabilities in the form of liqui...

I Coordination of Monetary Instruments

I Coordination of Monetary Instruments »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

...

II Indirect Instruments

II Indirect Instruments »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

...