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Fiscal Adjustment in IMF-Supported Programs

Fiscal Adjustment in IMF-Supported Programs »

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062740.017

ISBN: 9781589062740

Keywords: fiscal adjustment, expenditure, expenditures, fiscal policy, public expenditure

Using a cross-country sample of 169 IMF-supported programs and detailed studies of 15 programs, this evaluation report examines various aspects of fiscal adjustment in IMF-supported programs. It presents evidence t...

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2009, Europe 
			: Addressing the Crisis

Regional Economic Outlook, May 2009, Europe : Addressing the Crisis »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068414.086

ISBN: 9781589068414

Keywords: financial sector, bond, fiscal stimulus, fiscal policy, capital inflows

Europe is in a deep recession. Adverse feedback between the financial and real sectors and across borders is likely to delay the recovery and create downside risks. Unprecedented policies have been undertaken to ad...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2010, Europe, Building Confidence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2010, Europe, Building Confidence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069510.086

ISBN: 9781589069510

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, fiscal consolidation, fiscal policy, capital flows

The recovery in Europe continues, supported by strong policy action to contain sovereign debt problems in the euro area. In advanced Europe, lingering uncertainties and market pressures make for moderate and unequa...

Fiscal Vulnerability and Financial Crises in Emerging Market Economies

Fiscal Vulnerability and Financial Crises in Emerging Market Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Richard Hemming , Axel Schimmelpfennig , and Michael Kell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061965.084

ISBN: 9781589061965

Keywords: Emerging markets, fiscal variables, public debt, currency crises, fiscal policy, external debt

Fiscal problems have long been considered a central feature of financial--that is, currency, debt, and banking--crises. This paper addresses four questions: What are the fiscal causes of crises? Which fiscal vulner...

How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis
			: An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department »

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353810.071

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

Emerging Europe was particularly hard hit by the global financial crisis, but a concerted effort by local policymakers and the international community staved off impending financial meltdown and laid the foundation...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2009, Europe
			: Securing Recovery

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2009, Europe : Securing Recovery »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068599.086

ISBN: 9781589068599

Keywords: inflation, foreign currency, monetary policy, employment, fiscal policy

Europe's contraction is ending, but the recovery is fragile. Policymakers should look beyond the crisis to secure a durable upswing and address the threats to potential growth from the crisis and the continent's we...

Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756633.071

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Over the past few decades, a clear trend has emerged worldwide toward the devolution of spending and, to a lesser extent, revenue-raising responsibilities to state and local levels of government. One view is that t...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe
			: Navigating Stormy Waters

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351281.086

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

Following a strong showing in early 2011, the economies across Europe now face the prospect of a pronounced slowdown, as global growth has softened, risk aversion has risen, and strains in Europe's sovereign debt a...

Fiscal Monitor, April 2013
			: Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World

Fiscal Monitor, April 2013 : Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475566253.089

ISBN: 9781475566253

Keywords: public debt, government debt, fiscal adjustment, central bank, debt ratios

Continued progress in reducing advanced economy deficits and a gradually improving external environment have lowered short-term fiscal risks, according to this issue, but global prospects nevertheless remain subdue...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...