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Problems of international Money, 1972-85

Problems of international Money, 1972-85 »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934584.071

ISBN: 9780939934584

Keywords: balance of payments, financial intermediation, international financial, reserve holdings, exchange rate

This paper analyzes problems of international money. The paper highlights that there are three chief economic evils-starvation and poverty in the Third World, unemployment in industrial countries, and price inflati...

Dollarization of Financial Intermediation

Dollarization of Financial Intermediation »

Source: Dollarization of Financial Intermediation : Causes and Policy Implications

Volume/Issue: 1998/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Levy Yeyati , and Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

ISBN: 9781451844634

Keywords: Dollarization, financial intermediation, asset substitution, exchange rate, real exchange rate, home currency, foreign exchange

This paper presents a portfolio model of financial intermediation in which currency choice is determined by hedging decisions on both sides of a bank’s balance sheet. Minimum variance portfolio (MVP) allocat...

1 Introduction

1 Introduction »

Source: Problems of international Money, 1972-85

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 1996

ISBN: 9780939934584

Keywords: balance of payments, financial intermediation, international financial, reserve holdings, exchange rate

THERE ARE THREE CHIEF ECONOMIC EVILS—starvation and poverty in the third world, unemployment in the industrial countries (and, in consequence, in many other countries too), and price inflation i...

2 The international Monetary System Since 1972: Structural Change and Financial Innovation

2 The international Monetary System Since 1972: Structural Change and Financial Innovation »

Source: Problems of international Money, 1972-85

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 1996

ISBN: 9780939934584

Keywords: balance of payments, financial intermediation, international financial, reserve holdings, exchange rate

THE PERIOD SINCE THE DEMISE OF THE BRETTON WOODS SYSTEM in the early 1970s has been one of structural change, market adaptation, and unprecedented financial innovation in the international finan...

3 Exchange Rate Management and Surveillance Since 1972

3 Exchange Rate Management and Surveillance Since 1972 »

Source: Problems of international Money, 1972-85

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 1996

ISBN: 9780939934584

Keywords: balance of payments, financial intermediation, international financial, reserve holdings, exchange rate

TWELVE YEARS HAVE PASSED since the advent of generalized floating in March 1973, and by now considerable experience has accumulated with the operation of the present mixed system. Under this sys...

4 Balance of Payments Adjustment and Developing Countries: Some Outstanding Issues

4 Balance of Payments Adjustment and Developing Countries: Some Outstanding Issues »

Source: Problems of international Money, 1972-85

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 1996

ISBN: 9780939934584

Keywords: balance of payments, financial intermediation, international financial, reserve holdings, exchange rate

THE TERMS “BALANCE OF PAYMENTS ADJUSTMENT” and the “costs” of such adjustment are often used in a very loose and sometimes distorted fashion. References to adjustment and its costs abound in the...

5 The Role of Reserves in the International Monetary System

5 The Role of Reserves in the International Monetary System »

Source: Problems of international Money, 1972-85

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 1996

ISBN: 9780939934584

Keywords: balance of payments, financial intermediation, international financial, reserve holdings, exchange rate

THE ANALYSIS OF THE ROLE OF RESERVES in the monetary system has generally focused on the demand for reserves. That is, the decisions of individual countries to hold various types of reserve asse...

6 The Debt Problem

6 The Debt Problem »

Source: Problems of international Money, 1972-85

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 1996

ISBN: 9780939934584

Keywords: balance of payments, financial intermediation, international financial, reserve holdings, exchange rate

THREE ASPECTS OF THE DEBT PROBLEM of developing countries are touched upon in these notes: the magnitude and geographical coverage of the problem; the requirements f...

7 The Role and Resources of the Fund

7 The Role and Resources of the Fund »

Source: Problems of international Money, 1972-85

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 1996

ISBN: 9780939934584

Keywords: balance of payments, financial intermediation, international financial, reserve holdings, exchange rate

“The substitution of a credit mechanism in place of hoarding would have repeated in the international field the same miracle, already performed in the domestic field, of turning a stone into bread.”...

8 International Monetary Arrangements and Future Adaptation

8 International Monetary Arrangements and Future Adaptation »

Source: Problems of international Money, 1972-85

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 1996

ISBN: 9780939934584

Keywords: balance of payments, financial intermediation, international financial, reserve holdings, exchange rate

THE FIRST SECTION OF THIS PAPER surveys the main developments that have taken place in the international monetary system since the early 1970s. The abandonment of fixed exchange rates and the pa...