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Primary Commodities
			: May 1987

Primary Commodities : May 1987 »

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1987

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451943061.083

ISBN: 9781451943061

Keywords: crop, commodity prices, coffee, copper, export earnings

This paper provides an analysis of recent developments relating to the major nonfuel primary commodities entering international trade. Particular attention is given to market price movements in 1986 and to the fact...

Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754868.084

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

Sweden's economy in the early 1990s has been characterized by a deep recession, high unemployment, a ballooning public sector budgete deficit, and a decline in the value of the currency- developments that have rais...

World Economic Outlook, October 2010
			: Recovery, Risk, and Rebalancing

World Economic Outlook, October 2010 : Recovery, Risk, and Rebalancing »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069473.081

ISBN: 9781589069473

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, domestic demand, capital inflows, commodity prices, net exports

The recovery from the Great Recession is proceeding broadly as expected, but most advanced economies and a few emerging economies still face large adjustments, are recovering only sluggishly, and have continued hig...

World Economic Outlook, October 2010
			: Recovery, Risk, and Rebalancing

World Economic Outlook, October 2010 : Recovery, Risk, and Rebalancing »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2010

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069626.081

ISBN: 9781589069626

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, domestic demand, capital inflows, commodity prices, net exports, current account balance, global trade, spending cuts, fiscal stimulus, public debt

The recovery from the Great Recession is proceeding broadly as expected, but most advanced economies and a few emerging economies still face large adjustments, are recovering only sluggishly, and have continued hig...

World Economic Outlook, October 2010
			: Recovery, Risk, and Rebalancing

World Economic Outlook, October 2010 : Recovery, Risk, and Rebalancing »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 June 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504958471.081

ISBN: 9787504958471

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, domestic demand, capital inflows, commodity prices, net exports, current account balance, global trade, spending cuts, fiscal stimulus, public debt

The recovery from the Great Recession is proceeding broadly as expected, but most advanced economies and a few emerging economies still face large adjustments, are recovering only sluggishly, and have continued hig...

Managing Oil Wealth
			: The Case of Azerbaijan

Managing Oil Wealth : The Case of Azerbaijan »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Chonira Aturupane , Eric Le Borgne , Koba Gvenetadze , John Wakeman-Linn , and Stephan Danninger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2004

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063570.058

ISBN: 9781589063570

Keywords: Oil revenues, expenditure, expenditures, oil and gas, natural resource, oil sector, fiscal policy, oil revenues, oil prices, natural resources

Oil and gas production in Azerbaijan were projected to increase sharply in 2005 and 2006, respectively, reaching peaks of 1.3 million barrels a day in 2009 and 20 billion cubic meters a year in 2010. Although expec...

World Economic Outlook, October 2010
			: Recovery, Risk, and Rebalancing

World Economic Outlook, October 2010 : Recovery, Risk, and Rebalancing »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2010

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069596.081

ISBN: 9781589069596

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, domestic demand, capital inflows, commodity prices, net exports, current account balance, global trade, spending cuts, fiscal stimulus, public debt

The recovery from the Great Recession is proceeding broadly as expected, but most advanced economies and a few emerging economies still face large adjustments, are recovering only sluggishly, and have continued hig...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351298.086

ISBN: 9781616351298

Keywords: Economic recovery, Energy prices, Commodity prices, Economic forecasting, Economic conditions, Spillovers, South Sudan, Regional Economic Outlook, Foreign direct investment, Monetary policy

The Arab Spring holds the promise of improved living standards and a more prosperous future for the peoples of the Middle East and North Africa region. At the same time, the region is witnessing uncertainty and eco...

Regional Economic Outlook, November 2018, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, November 2018, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375389.086

ISBN: 9781484375389

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

As in other regions in the world, countries in MENAP and CCA regions are exposed to tightening in global financing conditions and ongoing global trade tensions. The former has already begun to impact several emergi...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513514000.086

ISBN: 9781513514000

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

Growth in the near term remains subdued for oil exporters in the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan (MENAP) region, amid volatile oil prices, precarious global growth, elevated fiscal vulnerabilit...