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International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen to podcasts given by top IMF economists on important issues in the global economy. www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/survey/so/home.aspx

International Monetary Fund

The modern economy of the Republic of Djibouti is based on rents directly or indirectly originating from the international port of Djibouti and from the country’s strategic position. The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper discusses that the growth recorded over the last five years is essentially driven by the increase in foreign direct investment—but especially by the activities of the Port of Djibouti. The informal economy constitutes a major proportion of the economic activities of Djibouti and provides a livelihood for much of the Djibouti population.

International Monetary Fund

This paper presents findings of the Fifth Review of Djibouti’s economic performance under the extended credit facility (ECF) arrangement. The drought in Djibouti has worsened water scarcity, reduced agricultural production and cattle stock, and accelerated refugee inflows. The authorities have requested an augmentation of access under the ECF of 60 percent of quota. As a result of exogenous shocks, financing needs for 2011–12 are expected to be higher than previously projected, despite the pledges from the international community to help Djibouti address the impact of the drought.

International Monetary Fund

This paper presents findings of the Fifth Review of Djibouti’s economic performance under the extended credit facility (ECF) arrangement. The drought in Djibouti has worsened water scarcity, reduced agricultural production and cattle stock, and accelerated refugee inflows. The authorities have requested an augmentation of access under the ECF of 60 percent of quota. As a result of exogenous shocks, financing needs for 2011–12 are expected to be higher than previously projected, despite the pledges from the international community to help Djibouti address the impact of the drought.

International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

This Technical Assistance Report on Djibouti provides details of IMF mission to aid on the financial soundness indicators (FSI). The mission achieved the said objectives and assisted the Banking Supervision Unit (BSU) officials in the preparation of the FSI production files and the development of the metadata files. The mission held constructive discussions with the Central Bank of Djibouti staff on various other aspects of the production of statistics aimed at improving the quality of the data produced. These discussions led to the preparation of an action plan identifying the main improvements to be pursued or undertaken, with the following priority recommendations. The report also highlights that the microfinance sector is growing in Djibouti; however, access to financing remains very limited. A review of the Call Report forms revealed a number of inconsistencies. The report recommends that the BSU staff participate regularly in the FSI courses organized by the IMF.

International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Djibouti is expanding its infrastructure to leverage its strategic location and foster growth, reduce poverty, and create jobs. The remarkable investments in ports and railways-started in 2015 and mostly debt-financed by financial institutions from China-presents opportunities as well as risks. With public debt rising from 50 to 85 percent of GDP in just two years, the authorities need to advance rapidly with critical reforms. Such reforms would aim at translating the investment boom into strong, inclusive, and job-creating growth to reduce poverty and return to a sustainable debt trajectory given the current high risk of debt distress. While there is strong ownership of such reforms under the authorities' Vision Djibouti 2035, close government coordination will be needed to ensure their effective implementation.