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International Monetary Fund

This paper presents key findings of the Detailed Assessment of the Observance of Standards and Codes in the Financial Sector of Bermuda. The small number of licensed deposit-taking institutions in Bermuda are part of the broader financial intermediation sector. Typically, some 50 percent to 60 percent of the banks’ income is fee based. The value of client assets and the volume of their activities are the main generators of this income. Efforts to reduce employee and occupancy costs that reflect the high cost of doing business on the island are continuing.

International Monetary Fund

This paper presents an assessment of Financial Sector Supervision and Regulation for Bermuda. The Bermudian authorities have made impressive progress in developing and implementing a risk-focused approach to supervision across the range of their sectoral supervisory responsibilities. Full rollout of the risk-based regulatory system to all market segments is, however, required for achievement of comprehensive oversight of the market. To support the introduction of a formal risk-based supervisory system, the banking department has been restructured.

International Monetary Fund
In the case of Bermuda, application of risk-based approaches seems particularly relevant not only to the insurance sector, but also to other types of financial and nonfinancial activities. The legal framework for investigation and prosecution of money laundering (ML) is well developed, and law enforcement and prosecutorial staff are highly motivated and professional. Bermuda’s Financial Investigation Unit (FIU) should be more adequately funded, staffed, and provided with additional technical resources, including, for instance, expertise in forensic accounting. A key strength of Bermuda’s supervisory regime is the integrated nature of financial sector supervision.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

No one quite knows how much money is laundered every year, but informed guesses estimate that the illicit economy could amount to as much as 2–5 percent of world GDP. National law enforcement agencies have been fighting financial crime for many years, and the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, made the fight against money laundering and the financing of terrorism a top priority also for the international community. The IMF has emerged as a key player because of its expertise in financial systems and near-universal membership of 184 countries. Camilla Andersen of the IMF Survey asked Barry Johnston, Assistant Director in the Monetary and Financial Systems Department, who leads the IMF’s financial sector work on anti-money laundering, and Jean-François Thony, Assistant General Counsel in the Legal Department, who is in charge of the legal aspects, about the progress made to date.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The Balance of Payments Textbook, like the Balance of Payments Compilation Guide, is a companion document to the fifth edition of the Balance of Payments Manual. The Textbook provides illustrative examples and applications of concepts, definitions, classifications, and conventions contained in the Manual and affords compilers with opportunities for enhancing their understanding of the relevant parts of the Manual. The Textbook is one of the main reference materials for training courses in balance of payments methodology.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

En esta Guía se presenta información práctica y pautas para los economistas y se incluyen temas como la política tributaria, las estadísticas de balanza de pagos, las estadísticas de la deuda externa, la gestión de la reserva de divisas y la evaluación del sector financiero.

International Monetary Fund

This paper assesses the financial sector regulation and supervision in Bermuda in the context of the offshore financial center assessment program. The assessment reveals that the financial, regulatory, and supervisory framework is well developed in banking, the key areas of securities regulation, and antimoney laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT). Banking supervision is largely in conformity with the Basel Core Principles. The regulation of investment intermediaries and collective investment schemes, the main activities of the Bermudian securities industry, is working effectively. However, some deficiencies were noted in the assessment of insurance.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The Balance of Payments Textbook, like the Balance of Payments Compilation Guide, is a companion document to the fifth edition of the Balance of Payments Manual. The Textbook provides illustrative examples and applications of concepts, definitions, classifications, and conventions contained in the Manual and affords compilers with opportunities for enhancing their understanding of the relevant parts of the Manual. The Textbook is one of the main reference materials for training courses in balance of payments methodology.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

Le précis de la balance des paiements, tout comme le guide pour l’établissement des statistiques de balance des paiements, est un document d'accompagnement de la cinquième édition du manuel de la balance des paiements. Il fournit des exemples et des applications concrètes des concepts, définitions, classifications et conventions présentés dans le manuel et permet aux statisticiens d'améliorer leur compréhension des sections correspondantes du manuel. Le précis est un des principaux documents de référence pour les formations sur la méthodologie relative à la balance des paiements.

International Monetary Fund
This paper presents an assessment of Financial Sector Supervision and Regulation for Bermuda. The Bermudian authorities have made impressive progress in developing and implementing a risk-focused approach to supervision across the range of their sectoral supervisory responsibilities. Full rollout of the risk-based regulatory system to all market segments is, however, required for achievement of comprehensive oversight of the market. To support the introduction of a formal risk-based supervisory system, the banking department has been restructured.