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Economic Structure, the Exchange Rate and Adjustment in the Federal Republic of Germany

Economic Structure, the Exchange Rate and Adjustment in the Federal Republic of Germany »

Source: Economic Structure, the Exchange Rate and Adjustment in the Federal Republic of Germany : A General Equilibrium Approach

Volume/Issue: 1988/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1988

ISBN: 9781451955651

Keywords: exchange rate, protected goods, domestic demand, exchange rate shock, imported goods

This paper traces the effects of an appreciation of the deutsche mark with the help of a computable general equilibrium model under alternative structural policy scenarios. In the first scenario, characterized by s...

Price and Volume Effects of a Devaluation in Developing Countries

Price and Volume Effects of a Devaluation in Developing Countries »

Source: Price and Volume Effects of a Devaluation in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1991/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arend Kouwenaar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1991

ISBN: 9781451933727

Keywords: exchange rate, domestic goods, real exchange rate, nominal exchange rate, domestic price

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

People’s Republic of China: Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues.

People’s Republic of China: Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues. »

Source: People's Republic of China : Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues.

Volume/Issue: 2011/193

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2011

Language: Chinese

ISBN: 9781463930592

Keywords: commodity prices, cost of capital, supply chain, capital controls, real appreciation, world economy, commodity exporters, global trade, domestic demand, global capital flows

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth? »

Source: Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Volume/Issue: 2005/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2005

ISBN: 9781498331319

Keywords: Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Agriculture, Capital, Capital goods, Central banking, Central banks, Corruption, Currencies, Developing countries, Development

Broad economic institutions are of fundamental importance for sustained economic growth. Changing these institutions is difficult, particularly for outsiders. But this does not mean that there is no role for the Fu...

The Negative Mean Output Gap

The Negative Mean Output Gap »

Source: The Negative Mean Output Gap

Volume/Issue: 2019/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , and Simon Voigts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 2019

ISBN: 9781513511740

Keywords: Accounting systems, Bank rates, Bond yields, Business cycles, Capital, Capital stocks, Central banking, Central banks, Consumption, Cost of capital

We argue that in an economy with downward nominal wage rigidity, the output gap is negative on average. Because it is more difficult to cut wages than to increase them, firms reduce employment more during downturns...

Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs - Proposed New Guidelines

Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs - Proposed New Guidelines »

Source: Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs - Proposed New Guidelines

Volume/Issue: 2009/038

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2009

ISBN: 9781498335744

Keywords: Access limits, Access to Fund general resources, Concessional aid, Debt management, Debt sustainability, External debt, External financing, Financial management, Fund facilities, Fund policies

Low-income countries (LICs) face significant challenges in meeting their development objectives, while maintaining a sustainable debt position. To address this dilemma, the international community has largely advoc...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco

The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco »

Source: The Macroeconomic Effects of Labor and Product Market Reforms in Morocco

Volume/Issue: 2019/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Babacar Sarr , Mokhtar Benlamine , and Zsuzsa Munkacsi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513513768

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Bankruptcy, Banks, Basket of currency peg, Capital, Capital accumulation, Capital flows, Capital formation, Commodity markets, Commodity prices

This paper studies the macroeconomic effects and sequencing of (LMRs) and product (PMRs) market reforms in Morocco. It finds that introducing LMRs and PMRs simultaneously would add about 2.5 percentage points (pp)...

Economic Structure, the Exchange Rate and Adjustment in the Federal Republic of Germany
			: A General Equilibrium Approach

Economic Structure, the Exchange Rate and Adjustment in the Federal Republic of Germany : A General Equilibrium Approach »

Volume/Issue: 1988/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451955651.001

ISBN: 9781451955651

Keywords: exchange rate, protected goods, domestic demand, exchange rate shock, imported goods

This paper traces the effects of an appreciation of the deutsche mark with the help of a computable general equilibrium model under alternative structural policy scenarios. In the first scenario, characterized by s...

Price and Volume Effects of a Devaluation in Developing Countries

Price and Volume Effects of a Devaluation in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1991/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arend Kouwenaar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451933727.001

ISBN: 9781451933727

Keywords: exchange rate, domestic goods, real exchange rate, nominal exchange rate, domestic price

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

People's Republic of China
			: Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues.

People's Republic of China : Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues. »

Volume/Issue: 2011/193

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463930592.002

ISBN: 9781463930592

Keywords: commodity prices, cost of capital, supply chain, capital controls, real appreciation, world economy, commodity exporters, global trade, domestic demand, global capital flows

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...