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			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Economic Transformation, Population Growth, and the Long-Run World Income Distribution

Economic Transformation, Population Growth, and the Long-Run World Income Distribution »

Source: Economic Transformation, Population Growth, and the Long-Run World Income Distribution

Volume/Issue: 2006/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcos Chamon , and Michael Kremer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862812

Keywords: growth, economic development, world economy, population growth, world population, population growth rates, Economic Growth of Open Economies, One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

This paper considers the long-run evolution of the world economy in a model where countries' opportunities to develop depend on their trade with advanced economies. As developing countries become advanced, they fur...

Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid

Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid »

Source: Does Foreign Aid Reduce Poverty? Empirical Evidence from Nongovernmental and Bilateral Aid

Volume/Issue: 2005/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Boriana Yontcheva , and Nadia Masud

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861198

Keywords: Official Development Aid, NGOs, Panel Data Econometrics, infant mortality, mortality rates, aid effectiveness,

This paper assesses the effectiveness of foreign aid in reducing poverty through its impact on human development indicators. We use a dataset of both bilateral aid and NGO aid flows. Our results show that NGO aid r...

Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa

Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2001/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gary Moser , and Toshihiro Ichida

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451853605

Keywords: Growth, Human Development, primary school, primary school enrollment, school enrollment, life expectancy, mortality rates, Health Production, Analysis of Education, General Welfare

This study confirms a strong and robust relationship between economic growth and poverty reduction in sub-Saharan Africa. Employing a panel of 46 countries covering the period 1972-97, the analysis finds that a 10...

Welfare Implications of HIV/AIDS

Welfare Implications of HIV/AIDS »

Source: Welfare Implications of HIV/AIDS

Volume/Issue: 2003/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker , and N. Crafts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451854107

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, value of statistical life, life expectancy, mortality rates, hiv, prevalence rate, Health: General, Welfare and Poverty: General, General Welfare, Economic Development: General,

The paper evaluates the impact of HIV/AIDS on welfare in several countries affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Unlike studies focusing on the impact of HIV/AIDS on GDP per capita, we evaluate the impact of increased...

Africa Rising

Africa Rising »

Source: Africa Rising : Harnessing the Demographic Dividend

Volume/Issue: 2014/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paulo Drummond , Vimal Thakoor , and Shu Yu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498379878

Keywords: Demographic Dividend, Economic Growth, Sub-Saharan Africa, Panel Estimates, working age population, gdp per capita, demographic transition, growth rate, Models with Panel Data, Demographic Trends and Forecasts

Africa will account for 80 percent of the projected 4 billion increase in the global population by 2100. The accompanying increase in its working age population creates a window of opportunity, which if properly ha...

Future of Asia’s Finance

Future of Asia’s Finance »

Source: Future of Asia's Finance : How Can it Meet Challenges of Demographic Change and Infrastructure Needs?

Volume/Issue: 2014/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ding Ding , Waikei Lam , and Shanaka Peiris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498321082

Keywords: Demographic change, infrastructure financing, financial deepening, financial integration, capital and financial flows, bond, financial markets, financial sector development, bonds, Models with Panel Data

There is a role for Asia's financial sector to play to address the challenges associated with the region's changing demographics and infrastructure investment needs. Enhancing financial innovation and integration i...

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth? »

Source: Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Volume/Issue: 2005/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2005

ISBN: 9781498331319

Keywords: Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Agriculture, Capital, Capital goods, Central banking, Central banks, Corruption, Currencies, Developing countries, Development

Broad economic institutions are of fundamental importance for sustained economic growth. Changing these institutions is difficult, particularly for outsiders. But this does not mean that there is no role for the Fu...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1 »

Source: Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

Four years after the onset of the global financial crisis, low-income countries (LICs), especially those that have benefited from high commodity prices, have begun to register stron...