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Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2013

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2013 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484366806.012

ISBN: 9781484366806

Keywords: Exchange rate adjustments, Exchange rate appreciation, Exchange rate assessments, Exchange rate developments, Exchange rate determination, Exchange rate depreciation, Exchange rate guarantees, Exchange rate indicators, Exchange rate indexes, Exchange rate management

This is the 64th issue of the AREAER. It provides a description of the foreign exchange arrangements, exchange and trade systems, and capital controls of all IMF member countries. It also provides information on th...

Bhutan

Bhutan »

Source: Bhutan : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Volume/Issue: 2010/180

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455207381

Keywords: education, youth, literacy, teachers, human development

Bhutan has evolved from a closed economy to a trading nation that exhibits a high degree of dependence on trade. Exports have grown rapidly but overall the country's trade deficit continues to widen owing to an eve...

Tenth Five Year Plan [2008-2013] Vol.II: Programme Profiles

Tenth Five Year Plan [2008-2013] Vol.II: Programme Profiles »

Source: Bhutan : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Volume/Issue: 2010/180

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455207381

Keywords: education, youth, literacy, teachers, human development

Bhutan has evolved from a closed economy to a trading nation that exhibits a high degree of dependence on trade. Exports have grown rapidly but overall the country's trade deficit continues to widen owing to an eve...

Financial Deepening, Property Rights and Poverty

Financial Deepening, Property Rights and Poverty »

Source: Financial Deepening, Property Rights and Poverty : Evidence From Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2011/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yifei Huang , and Raju Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

ISBN: 9781462305230

Keywords: financial development, property rights, dependent variable, gini coefficient, descriptive statistics, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Financial Economics: General,

Recent studies on the relationship between financial development and poverty have been inconclusive. Some claim that, by allowing more entrepreneurs to obtain financing, financial development improves the allocatio...

Finance in Lower Income Countries

Finance in Lower Income Countries »

Source: Finance in Lower Income Countries : An Empirical Exploration

Volume/Issue: 2005/167

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Poonam Gupta , Thierry Tressel , and Enrica Detragiache

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451861860

Keywords: Financial development, financial sector, banking, deposit insurance, financial sector performance, banking system,

This paper considers how a comprehensive set of factors relates to financial sector performance in low-income countries (LICs). It finds that corruption and inflation are associated with a shallower and less effici...

Business Cycle Fluctuations, Large Shocks, and Development Aid

Business Cycle Fluctuations, Large Shocks, and Development Aid »

Source: Business Cycle Fluctuations, Large Shocks, and Development Aid : New Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2010/240

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Camelia Minoiu , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

ISBN: 9781455209408

Keywords: foreign aid, bilateral donors, business cycle, macroeconomic shocks, aid flows, bilateral aid, development aid, dynamic effects, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

We examine the cyclical properties of development aid using bilateral data for 22 donors and over 100 recipients during 1970?2005. We find that bilateral aid flows are on average procyclical with respect to busines...

Classifications of Countries Basedon their Level of Development

Classifications of Countries Basedon their Level of Development »

Source: Classifications of Countries Basedon their Level of Development : How it is Done and How it Could Be Done

Volume/Issue: 2011/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lynge Nielsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455216789

Keywords: Country classification systems, taxonomy, taxonomies, per capita income, balance of payments, exporting countries, Economic Development: General,

The paper analyzes how the UNDP, the World Bank, and the IMF classify countries based on their level of development. These systems are found lacking in clarity with regard to their underlying rationale. The paper a...

Inclusive Growth

Inclusive Growth »

Source: Inclusive Growth : Measurement and Determinants

Volume/Issue: 2013/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Saurabh Mishra , and Shanaka Peiris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484323212

Keywords: pro-poor growth, distribution, equity, inequality, social mobility, pro-poor, distribution of income, welfare function, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

We estimate a unified measure of inclusive growth for emerging markets by integrating their economic growth performance and income distribution outcomes, using data over three decades. Country distributions are cal...

Fiscal Policy and the Current Account

Fiscal Policy and the Current Account »

Source: Fiscal Policy and the Current Account : Are Microstates Different?

Volume/Issue: 2012/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yehenew Endegnanew , Therese Turner-Jones , and Charles Amo Yartey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463937126

Keywords: Microstates, current account balance, current accounts, current account adjustments, current account deficits, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development,

This paper examines the empirical link between fiscal policy and the current account focusing on microstates defined as countries with a population of less than 2 million between 1970 and 2009. The paper employs pa...

How Do Countries Choose their Exchange Rate Regime?

How Do Countries Choose their Exchange Rate Regime? »

Source: How Do Countries Choose their Exchange Rate Regime?

Volume/Issue: 2001/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helene Poirson Ward

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451846553

Keywords: optimal currency areas, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rate risk, exchange rate flexibility, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Economic Development: General,

This paper investigates the determinants of exchange rate regime choice in 93 countries during 1990-98. Cross-country analysis of variations in international reserves and nominal exchange rates shows that (i) truly...