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Practical Methods for Assessing Private Climate Finance Flows

Practical Methods for Assessing Private Climate Finance Flows »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Nella Canales Trujillo , Mikko Halonen , Julia Illman , and Shelagh Whitley

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327022

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Climate Finance Commitment, Developing Countries, Climate Action, Three Nordic Case Studies, Mobilising Private Investment, Finance Landscape

In spite of the climate finance commitment by the developed countries to mobilise jointly 100 billion USD per year by 2020 to address the needs of developing countries from a wide variety of sources, there is no cl...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Cross-Country Report on Spillovers

Cross-Country Report on Spillovers »

Source: Cross-Country Report on Spillovers : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2016/212

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 July 2016

ISBN: 9781498343046

Keywords: Spillovers, Monetary policy, European Central Bank, Emerging markets, Developed countries, Cross country analysis, Economic models, Selected Issues Papers, Poland, Sweden

This paper identifies policies to increase productivity in the East, reduce regional income disparities, and promote overall income convergence. Achieving this objective will require improving educational attainmen...

Cross-Country Report on Spillovers
			: Selected Issues

Cross-Country Report on Spillovers : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2016/212

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498343046.002

ISBN: 9781498343046

Keywords: Spillovers, Monetary policy, European Central Bank, Emerging markets, Developed countries, Cross country analysis, Economic models, Selected Issues Papers, Poland, Sweden

This paper identifies policies to increase productivity in the East, reduce regional income disparities, and promote overall income convergence. Achieving this objective will require improving educational attainmen...