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Issues in the Assessment of the Exchange Rates of Industrial Countries

Issues in the Assessment of the Exchange Rates of Industrial Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1984

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750761.084

ISBN: 9781557750761

Keywords: Developed countries, Exchange rates, exchange rate, current account, capital flows, effective exchange rate

In its surveillance activities, the Fund is frequently confronted with the difficult problem of how to identify exchange rate behavior that is unrelated to underlying economic and financial conditions and, conseque...

Fiscal Implications of the Global Economic and Financial Crisis

Fiscal Implications of the Global Economic and Financial Crisis »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068506.084

ISBN: 9781589068506

Keywords: Budgets, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Financial institutions, Public finance, Pension funds, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Fiscal stability, financial sector, deposit insurance

The economic and financial crisis is affecting the fiscal accounts of virtually every country. Public sector support for the financial system, fiscal stimulus and the automatic stabilizers, as well as the revenue d...

Have North-South Growth Linkages Changed?

Have North-South Growth Linkages Changed? »

Source: Have North-South Growth Linkages Changed?

Volume/Issue: 1996/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hoffmaister , Mahmood Pradhan , and Hossein Samiei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451969627

Keywords: export markets, capital flows, output growth, developing country exports

This paper provides preliminary econometric evidence suggesting that the traditional trade-based business cycle linkages between the North and the South have changed. Many countries in the South, in particular in A...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

The Managing Director's Global Policy Agenda

The Managing Director's Global Policy Agenda »

Source: The Managing Director's Global Policy Agenda

Volume/Issue: 2016/054

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2016

ISBN: 9781498345293

Keywords: Demand, Developed countries, Economic cooperation, Economic growth, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Fiscal policy, Fund role, Globalization, Low-income developing countries

Full text also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Japanese, Russian, and Spanish. Despite signs of recovery and resilience in some economies, global growth continues to disappoint, with the expected pick-up dr...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Issues in the Assessment of the Exchange Rates of Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1984

ISBN: 9781557750761

Keywords: Developed countries, Exchange rates, exchange rate, current account, capital flows, effective exchange rate

In its surveillance activities, the Fund is frequently confronted with the difficult problem of how to identify exchange rate behavior that is unrelated to underlying economic and financial conditions and, c...

II General Observations on Exchange Rate Determination

II General Observations on Exchange Rate Determination »

Source: Issues in the Assessment of the Exchange Rates of Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1984

ISBN: 9781557750761

Keywords: Developed countries, Exchange rates, exchange rate, current account, capital flows, effective exchange rate

Experience with currency movements in industrial countries that have floating exchange rates, diversified financial markets, and relatively unrestricted capital mobility suggests that many types of developme...

III Price Competitiveness

III Price Competitiveness »

Source: Issues in the Assessment of the Exchange Rates of Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1984

ISBN: 9781557750761

Keywords: Developed countries, Exchange rates, exchange rate, current account, capital flows, effective exchange rate

Perhaps the element that is most commonly taken into account in attempting to assess whether a country’s exchange rate is at an appropriate level is its price competitiveness. Such an assessment normally tak...

IV Underlying Payments Balances

IV Underlying Payments Balances »

Source: Issues in the Assessment of the Exchange Rates of Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1984

ISBN: 9781557750761

Keywords: Developed countries, Exchange rates, exchange rate, current account, capital flows, effective exchange rate

In view of the narrow focus of indicators based on measures of goods market competitiveness, the analysis normally has to be extended to take into account the many factors other than relative price movements...

V Concluding Remarks

V Concluding Remarks »

Source: Issues in the Assessment of the Exchange Rates of Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1984

ISBN: 9781557750761

Keywords: Developed countries, Exchange rates, exchange rate, current account, capital flows, effective exchange rate

This paper has reviewed the elements that are normally taken into account in assessing the sustainability of industrial countries’ exchange rates. It is evident from the discussion of the preceding sections...