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Practical Methods for Assessing Private Climate Finance Flows

Practical Methods for Assessing Private Climate Finance Flows »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Nella Canales Trujillo , Mikko Halonen , Julia Illman , and Shelagh Whitley

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327022

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Climate Finance Commitment, Developing Countries, Climate Action, Three Nordic Case Studies, Mobilising Private Investment, Finance Landscape

In spite of the climate finance commitment by the developed countries to mobilise jointly 100 billion USD per year by 2020 to address the needs of developing countries from a wide variety of sources, there is no cl...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Managing Director's Action Plan to the International Monetary and Financial Committee

Managing Director's Action Plan to the International Monetary and Financial Committee »

Source: Managing Director's Action Plan to the International Monetary and Financial Committee

Volume/Issue: 2012/028

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2012

ISBN: 9781498340618

Keywords: Corporate governance, Emerging markets, Europe, Fund role, International Monetary and Financial Committee, International monetary system, Low-income developing countries, Managing Director reports, Surveillance, Technical Assistance

As described in the latest Consolidated Multilateral Surveillance Report, policy actions in Europe and improving U.S. indicators have helped attenuate financial strains. But recent developments point to the fragili...

Managing Director's Action Plan to the International Monetary and Financial Committee

Managing Director's Action Plan to the International Monetary and Financial Committee »

Volume/Issue: 2012/028

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498340618.007

ISBN: 9781498340618

Keywords: Corporate governance, Emerging markets, Europe, Fund role, International Monetary and Financial Committee, International monetary system, Low-income developing countries, Managing Director reports, Surveillance, Technical Assistance

As described in the latest Consolidated Multilateral Surveillance Report, policy actions in Europe and improving U.S. indicators have helped attenuate financial strains. But recent developments point to the fragili...