The Joint Staff Advisory Note report assesses that Maldives has achieved notable development progress through sound macroeconomic management, tourism development, and public service provision improvement under the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). Executive Directors emphasized the need to strengthen the fiscal policy framework, develop institutions, implement structural reforms and a realistic budget to mitigating risks, and ensure macroeconomic stability. Directors welcomed the Seventh National Development Plan, the new Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, and stressed the need for significant efforts to ensure the successful implementation of the economic development program.
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
Maldives living standards have risen to middle income levels over the past two decades driven by tourism development. The country's geography-with a widely dispersed population across small far flung islands-creates fiscal challenges and the economy has faced persistent fiscal deficits over the past decade. The economy is highly exposed to climate change which further adds to fiscal costs.
This 2008 Article IV Consultation highlights that the main challenge for Maldives is to contain fiscal expenditures that have increased sharply following the tsunami. Expenditure has reached extraordinarily high levels by international and historical standards, with the majority of the increase in domestically financed expenditure unrelated to the tsunami. Executive Directors were encouraged that Maldives’ economy has rebounded strongly from the December 2004 tsunami. Directors have commended the authorities for implementing the Maldives Monetary Authority Act by appointing an independent governor.
This study examines the degree of exchange rate pass through (EPRT) into producer and consumer prices in Maldives. ERPT to consumer prices is first estimated using a nonparametric approach. A recursive vector autoregression is then used to model both consumer and producer price changes. The nonparametric estimation indicates that ERPT to consumer prices is very high, both in absolute terms and relative to other countries. The dynamics of ERPT as derived from the empirical estimation indicate that ERPT to consumer and producer prices is significant but not complete, and that the impact of exchange rate changes persists into the second year.