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Fiscal Monitor, September 2011
			: Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352103.089

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Despite progress in addressing key fiscal weaknesses in many countries, significant policy challenges remain in advanced, emerging, and low-income economies, and must be faced in an environment where downside risks...

Fiscal Monitor, April 2013
			: Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World

Fiscal Monitor, April 2013 : Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475566253.089

ISBN: 9781475566253

Keywords: public debt, government debt, fiscal adjustment, central bank, debt ratios

Continued progress in reducing advanced economy deficits and a gradually improving external environment have lowered short-term fiscal risks, according to this issue, but global prospects nevertheless remain subdue...

1. Introduction

1. Introduction »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Global fiscal risks remain very high, stemming from several unresolved, interrelated challenges: Sustainability and market sentiment in the euro area....

2. Reassuring Markets about Fiscal Sustainability in the Euro Area

2. Reassuring Markets about Fiscal Sustainability in the Euro Area »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

After a brief respite following the announcement of new initiatives in mid-July, market concerns about fiscal sustainability in the euro area have reignited. Worsening market sentiment has spread beyond the...

3. The Dog That Didn’t Bark (So Far): Low Interest Rates in the United States and Japan

3. The Dog That Didn’t Bark (So Far): Low Interest Rates in the United States and Japan »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Borrowing costs remain extremely low for the United States and Japan, even though their fiscal indicators are generally no stronger than those of several countries currently under market pressure. Interest r...

4. Too Good to Be True? Fiscal Developments in Emerging Economies

4. Too Good to Be True? Fiscal Developments in Emerging Economies »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Some fiscal adjustment is under way in emerging economies this year, especially in Asia and Europe, and this is projected to continue in 2012. Cyclically adjusted deficits are projected to fall by ¾ percent...

5. The Legacy of the Crisis: How Long Will It Take to Lower Public Debt?

5. The Legacy of the Crisis: How Long Will It Take to Lower Public Debt? »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

In spite of sizable fiscal adjustment in the years ahead, public debt is projected to remain high over the medium term, particularly for advanced economies. Gross general government debt in the advanced econ...

6. Confronting Trade-Offs: Accommodating Spending Pressures in Low-Income Countries

6. Confronting Trade-Offs: Accommodating Spending Pressures in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

The progress in restoring fiscal buffers drawn on during the 2009 crisis in low-income economies has slowed, and many of these countries confront difficult trade-offs. Following some strengthening in 2010, h...

7. Conclusion

7. Conclusion »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Taking all of these developments together, and viewed from the perspective of the Fiscal Sustainability Risk Map presented in the April 2011 Fiscal Monitor, there is an increasing divergence between developm...

Appendix 1. “Fiscal Devaluation”: What Is It—and Does It Work?

Appendix 1. “Fiscal Devaluation”: What Is It—and Does It Work? »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

The idea that tax reforms can mimic the effects of exchange rate devaluation is not new. For instance, the formation of the European Union prompted a recognition that moving from the taxation of goods on an...