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Hungary
			: Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth

Hungary : Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757098.084

ISBN: 9781557757098

Keywords: inflation, debt, current account, interest, national bank

Economic developments in Hungary during 1995-97 illustrate one of the most remarkable cases of macroeconomic adjustment in Europe over the last decade. Several momentous steps in the integration of the Hungarian ec...

Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government
			: Theory and Practice

Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753588.084

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

This paper examines central bank independence with reference to the constraints on central bank credit to the government, focusing on how such credit should be regulated. It discusses why credit should be contsrain...

Recent Experiences with Surges in Capital Inflows

Recent Experiences with Surges in Capital Inflows »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Robert Kahn , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753502.084

ISBN: 9781557753502

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, foreign exchange, capital outflows, current account

This paper explores the experience of six countries (Chile, Colombia, Egypt, Mexico, Spain and Thailand) with capital inflows. It illustrates that although capital inflows are usually beneficial, too great an inflo...

IMF Support and Crisis Prevention

IMF Support and Crisis Prevention »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Juan Zalduendo , Alun Thomas , Jun Kim , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Bikas Joshi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067097.084

ISBN: 9781589067097

Keywords: Balance of payments assistance, Emerging markets, Foreign exchange reserves, Fund role, Multilateral surveillance, capital account, crisis prevention, capital account crises, capital account crisis, current account

This paper examines the various roles of IMF financing in crisis prevention. Emerging market economies that experienced financial crises in the past have been subject to enormous economic and social costs, highligh...

Exchange Rate Assessments
			: CGER Methodologies

Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Luca Ricci , Jonathan Ostry , Jaewoo Lee , Alessandro Prati , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2009

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504950093.084

ISBN: 9787504950093

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate, foreign assets, net foreign assets, real exchange rates, current account balances

The rapid increase in international trade and financial integration over the past decade and the growing importance of emerging markets in world trade and GDP have inspired the IMF to place stronger emphasis on mul...

Le cadre de viabilité de la dette appliqué aux pays à faible revenu

Le cadre de viabilité de la dette appliqué aux pays à faible revenu »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Marie-Helene Le Manchec , and Bergljot Barkbu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2009

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068117.084

ISBN: 9781589068117

Keywords: debt sustainability, public debt, debt service, debt relief, domestic debt, debt-service, current account, debt burden, debt dynamics, debt ratio

Low-income countries continue to face significant challenges in meeting their vast development needs while maintaining a sustainable debt position, even after many of these countries have benefited from substantial...

III. The External Current Account and Net Foreign Assets: Longer-Run Equilibrium Perspectives

III. The External Current Account and Net Foreign Assets: Longer-Run Equilibrium Perspectives »

Source: Hungary : Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557757098

Keywords: inflation, debt, current account, interest, national bank

The external current account in Hungary has been volatile during the transition period since 1989: small surpluses in the early years were followed by current account deficits of about 10 percent of GDP in 1...

IV. Public Debt Dynamics and Fiscal Solvency

IV. Public Debt Dynamics and Fiscal Solvency »

Source: Hungary : Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557757098

Keywords: inflation, debt, current account, interest, national bank

Hungary’s public debt-to-GDP ratio, a key indicator of the state of public finances, has fluctuated widely during the 1990s. The gross debt of the consolidated central government 1...

V. Reform of Public Finances, 1994–97

V. Reform of Public Finances, 1994–97 »

Source: Hungary : Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557757098

Keywords: inflation, debt, current account, interest, national bank

During 1994–97, Hungary implemented far-reaching structural changes in the area of public finance, and has achieved both a considerable contraction in the size of the government and sizable primary surpluses...

VI. Hungary’s Growth Performance: Has It Lived Up to Its Potential?

VI. Hungary’s Growth Performance: Has It Lived Up to Its Potential? »

Source: Hungary : Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557757098

Keywords: inflation, debt, current account, interest, national bank

Since 1990, as part of its transition from central planning to a market economy, Hungary implemented a comprehensive liberalization of its economic system. This liberalization was achieved by correcting rela...