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Hungary
			: Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth

Hungary : Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757098.084

ISBN: 9781557757098

Keywords: inflation, debt, current account, interest, national bank

Economic developments in Hungary during 1995-97 illustrate one of the most remarkable cases of macroeconomic adjustment in Europe over the last decade. Several momentous steps in the integration of the Hungarian ec...

Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government
			: Theory and Practice

Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753588.084

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

This paper examines central bank independence with reference to the constraints on central bank credit to the government, focusing on how such credit should be regulated. It discusses why credit should be contsrain...

Growth in the Central and Eastern European Countries of the European Union

Growth in the Central and Eastern European Countries of the European Union »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Abdul Abiad , Ashoka Mody , Susan Schadler , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065543.084

ISBN: 9781589065543

Keywords: Eastern Europe, Economic growth, European Union, per capita income, growth rates, tfp, gdp growth, current account deficit

The central challenges facing the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia as they work to catch up to advanced European Union (EU) income levels are discussed in this new...

III. The External Current Account and Net Foreign Assets: Longer-Run Equilibrium Perspectives

III. The External Current Account and Net Foreign Assets: Longer-Run Equilibrium Perspectives »

Source: Hungary : Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557757098

Keywords: inflation, debt, current account, interest, national bank

The external current account in Hungary has been volatile during the transition period since 1989: small surpluses in the early years were followed by current account deficits of about 10 percent of GDP in 1...

IV. Public Debt Dynamics and Fiscal Solvency

IV. Public Debt Dynamics and Fiscal Solvency »

Source: Hungary : Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557757098

Keywords: inflation, debt, current account, interest, national bank

Hungary’s public debt-to-GDP ratio, a key indicator of the state of public finances, has fluctuated widely during the 1990s. The gross debt of the consolidated central government 1...

V. Reform of Public Finances, 1994–97

V. Reform of Public Finances, 1994–97 »

Source: Hungary : Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557757098

Keywords: inflation, debt, current account, interest, national bank

During 1994–97, Hungary implemented far-reaching structural changes in the area of public finance, and has achieved both a considerable contraction in the size of the government and sizable primary surpluses...

VI. Hungary’s Growth Performance: Has It Lived Up to Its Potential?

VI. Hungary’s Growth Performance: Has It Lived Up to Its Potential? »

Source: Hungary : Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557757098

Keywords: inflation, debt, current account, interest, national bank

Since 1990, as part of its transition from central planning to a market economy, Hungary implemented a comprehensive liberalization of its economic system. This liberalization was achieved by correcting rela...

VII. What Determines Inflation in Hungary? A Cross-Country Perspective

VII. What Determines Inflation in Hungary? A Cross-Country Perspective »

Source: Hungary : Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557757098

Keywords: inflation, debt, current account, interest, national bank

The rise in inflation from single to double digits coincided with the onset of Hungary’s transition to a market economy in the late 1980s. Unlike most other transition countries in central and eastern Europe...

VIII. Privatization

VIII. Privatization »

Source: Hungary : Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557757098

Keywords: inflation, debt, current account, interest, national bank

Since 1990, when Hungary’s privatization program began in earnest, 45 percent of previously state-owned enterprises (SOEs) have been fully privatized and about 17 percent have been partially privatized (Tabl...

IX. Trade Liberalization in Hungary

IX. Trade Liberalization in Hungary »

Source: Hungary : Economic Policies for Sustainable Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557757098

Keywords: inflation, debt, current account, interest, national bank

As for many other aspects of the Hungarian economy, the process of trade liberalization was characterized by gradualism. Indeed, the greater openness of Hungary compared with other economies of the region wa...