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- Keyword: consumption smoothing x
- Middle East x
Series: IMF Working Papers
Author(s): Erwin Tiongson , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta
Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
Publication Date: 01 February 2003
Global food aid is considered a critical consumption smoothing mechanism in many countries. However, its record of stabilizing consumption has been mixed. This paper examines the cyclical properties of food aid wit...