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The Social Safety Net in Albania

The Social Safety Net in Albania »

Source: The Social Safety Net in Albania

Volume/Issue: 1996/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natasha Koliadina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1996

ISBN: 9781451851861

Keywords: benefits, unemployment, social assistance, compensation

This paper reviews the developments in the social safety net system of Albania since the beginning of its economic adjustment program in mid-1992 through the third quarter of 1995. It shows that the social safety n...

The Reform of the Pension System in Italy

The Reform of the Pension System in Italy »

Source: The Reform of the Pension System in Italy

Volume/Issue: 1997/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1997

ISBN: 9781451922790

Keywords: pension, benefits, retirement, early retirement

Italy’s pension system was reformed in August 1995. The new system has various desirable long-run properties and, overall, it represents an improvement over earlier systems. However, it fails to address two...

The Italian Public Pension System

The Italian Public Pension System »

Source: The Italian Public Pension System : Current Prospects and Reform Options

Volume/Issue: 1995/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrizia Canziani , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1995

ISBN: 9781451845150

Keywords: pension, benefits, retirement age, retirement

Public pension expenditure in Italy has been growing rapidly in the last three decades and is now among the highest in industrialized countries. Despite recent reforms, benefits remain generous by international sta...

Pension System Viability and Reform Alternatives in the Czech Republic1

Pension System Viability and Reform Alternatives in the Czech Republic1 »

Source: Pension System Viability and Reform Alternatives in the Czech Republic

Volume/Issue: 2000/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Laursen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451843392

Keywords: pension, pension system, retirement, benefits

The finances of the Czech pension system have deteriorated markedly in recent years and the aging population will add further strains in the future. The system is also burdened by significant distortions and disinc...

Unemployment Benefits Versus Conditional Negative Income Taxes

Unemployment Benefits Versus Conditional Negative Income Taxes »

Source: Unemployment Benefits Versus Conditional Negative Income Taxes

Volume/Issue: 1995/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dennis Snower

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1995

ISBN: 9781451848649

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment benefits, employment, unemployment benefit, unemployment insurance

The paper analyzes the wage-employment effects of replacing unemployment benefits by negative income taxes. It first surveys the major equity and efficiency effects of unemployment benefits versus negative income t...

Geography, Trade Patterns, and Economic Policy

Geography, Trade Patterns, and Economic Policy »

Source: Geography, Trade Patterns, and Economic Policy

Volume/Issue: 1994/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Asilis , and Luis Rivera-Batiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1994

ISBN: 9781451843330

Keywords: wages, trade patterns, wage, benefits

This paper presents a geographical theory of location and interregional trade. Location is treated as an endogenous variable by firms, consumers and perfectly mobile workers in a two-sector economy. Space plays a c...

Labor Market Institutions and Flexibility in Italy

Labor Market Institutions and Flexibility in Italy »

Source: Labor Market Institutions and Flexibility in Italy : A Critical Evaluation and Some International Comparisons

Volume/Issue: 1994/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

ISBN: 9781451844870

Keywords: wage, employment, unemployment, benefits, unemployment insurance

The paper surveys three broad categories of labor market institutions in Italy: employment protection legislation, unemployment benefit systems, and wage bargaining arrangements. In each case, the recent evolution...

Albania

Albania »

Source: Albania : Income Distribution, Poverty, and Social Safety Nets in the Transition, 1991-1993

Volume/Issue: 1994/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

ISBN: 9781451854541

Keywords: social assistance, wage, benefits, unemployment, dependents

This paper examines developments in Albania’s income distribution and poverty during the transition to a market-oriented economy. It pays particular attention to the impact of price liberalization on the agr...

Explaining Unemployment in Spain

Explaining Unemployment in Spain »

Source: Explaining Unemployment in Spain : Structural Change, Cyclical Fluctuations, and Labor Market Rigidities

Volume/Issue: 1994/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jeffrey Franks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

ISBN: 9781451852578

Keywords: unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, unemployed, unemployment benefits

Spain has the most serious and persistent unemployment problem in Europe, with an unemployment rate that reached 24.6 percent in early 1994. This paper explores the characteristics of this unemployment problem, its...

Evaluating Unemployment Policies

Evaluating Unemployment Policies »

Source: Evaluating Unemployment Policies : What Do the Underlying Theories Tell Us?

Volume/Issue: 1995/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dennis Snower

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451842388

Keywords: unemployment, employment, unemployed, unemployment benefits, unemployment rates

The paper surveys unemployment policies for advanced market economies and evaluates them by examining the predictions of the underlying macroeconomic theories. The basic idea is that, for the most part, different u...