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The Mongolian People's Republic
			: Toward a Market Economy

The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752079.084

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

This paper is based on an IMF staff report prepared in connection with the application of the Mongolian People's Republic (Mongolia) for membership in the International Monetary Fund. It reviews Mongolia's politica...

Stabilization and Structural Reform in the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic
			: First Stage

Stabilization and Structural Reform in the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic : First Stage »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Bijan Aghevli , Eduardo Borensztein , and Tessa Van der Willigen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752260.084

ISBN: 9781557752260

Keywords: exchange rate, privatization, balance of payments, foreign exchange, foreign trade

On January 1, 1991, the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic launched a comprehensive reform program designed to establish a market economy. This paper charts the progress of the reform program in the context of Czech...

Structural Reform, Stabilization, and Growth in Turkey

Structural Reform, Stabilization, and Growth in Turkey »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1987

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934843.084

ISBN: 9780939934843

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, balance of payments, exchange rate

Following a severe balance of payments crisis in the late 1970s, in January 1980 Turkey embarked on a far reaching stabilization and structural adjustment program....

Theoretical Aspects of the Design of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs

Theoretical Aspects of the Design of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1987

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934997.084

ISBN: 9780939934997

Keywords: exchange rate, balance of payments, aggregate demand, monetary fund, inflation

This paper was originally prepared for a seminar of the Executive Board of the Fund. In the seminar, Executive Directors expressed a broad range of views with regard to both the adequacy of the Fund's approach to f...

Anticipating Balance of Payments Crises--The Role of Early Warning Systems
			: The Role of Early Warning Systems

Anticipating Balance of Payments Crises--The Role of Early Warning Systems : The Role of Early Warning Systems »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Catherine Pattillo , Andrew Berg , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758286.084

ISBN: 9781557758286

Keywords: currency crises, probability, balance of payments, contagion, currency crisis

Recent years have witnessed an increase in the frequency of currency and balance of payments crises in developing countries. More important, the crises have become more virulent, have caused widespread disruption t...

Financial Assistance from Arab Countries and Arab Regional Institutions

Financial Assistance from Arab Countries and Arab Regional Institutions »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): P. van den Boogaerde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557751805.084

ISBN: 9781557751805

Keywords: remittances, workers? remittances, balance of payments, gnp, multilateral institutions

Arab financial assistance to developing - particularly Arab - countries rose sharply between 1973 and 1980 but fell gradually through the 1980s, owing mainly to weakening oil prices. As a percent of GNP, however, A...

Resilience and Growth Through Sustained Adjustment
			: The Moroccan Experience

Resilience and Growth Through Sustained Adjustment : The Moroccan Experience »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sena Eken , Jörg Decressin , Filippo Cartiglia , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Saleh Nsouli , and Van Thai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754226.084

ISBN: 9781557754226

Keywords: balance of payments, tax system, domestic savings, public enterprises, terms of trade

This paper reviews and analyzes how Morocco overcame the economic and financial crisis it confronted at the beginning of the 1980s. It highlights the challenges that still confront the Moroccan economy and the less...

The Design of IMF-Supported Programs

The Design of IMF-Supported Programs »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Christofides , Atish Ghosh , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Laura Papi , Juan Zalduendo , and Jun Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061934.084

ISBN: 9781589061934

Keywords: current account, current account balance, inflation, capital account, balance of payments

This collection of papers examines IMF-supported programs over the period 1995-2000 in both middle-income and low-income countries. In order to seek insights from a comparison across different types of programs, th...

The Russian Federation in Transition
			: External Developments

The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753717.084

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

This paper examines the effects of three "shocks" - the disintegration of the U.S.S.R., domestic economic reform, and changing relations with other countries- on Russia's balance of payments position. The importanc...

The Path to Convertibility and Growth
			: The Tunisian Experience

The Path to Convertibility and Growth : The Tunisian Experience »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Gerwin Bell , M. Yücelik , Paul Duran , Saleh Nsouli , and Sena Eken

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753571.084

ISBN: 9781557753571

Keywords: central bank, money market, balance of payments, current account, external debt

This paper charts Tunisia's transformation from an inward-looking, heavily regulated economy into a predominantly market- and export-oriented one. The paper highlights some of the major challenges facing the countr...