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The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review

The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Rattan Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1985

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351083.084

ISBN: 9781616351083

Keywords: West African Monetary Union, rediscount, monetary fund, central bank, money supply, money market

Until 1984, the West African Monetary Union (WAMU) consisted of six West African countries- Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Niger, Senegal, and Togo. (Mali withdrew from the Union in 1961 and rejoined in 1984; it...

West African Economic and Monetary Union: Financial Depth and Macrostability

West African Economic and Monetary Union: Financial Depth and Macrostability »

Source: West African Economic and Monetary Union : Financial Depth and Macrostability

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Patrick Imam , and Christina Kolerus

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484348222

Keywords: Banking sector, Cross country analysis, Financial institutions, Financial systems, Microfinance, Monetary policy, Macroprudential Policy, West African Economic and Monetary Union, West Africa, banking

The financial system in the WAEMU remains largely bank-based. The banking sector comprises 106 banks and 13 financial institutions, which together hold more than 90 percent of the financial system’s assets (...

I The West African Monetary Union and the Theory of Currency Unions

I The West African Monetary Union and the Theory of Currency Unions »

Source: The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Rattan Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1985

ISBN: 9781616351083

Keywords: West African Monetary Union, rediscount, monetary fund, central bank, money supply, money market

Until 1984, the West African Monetary Union (WAMU) consisted of six West African countries—Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Niger, Senegal, and Togo. (Mali withdrew from the Union in 1961 and rejoined in 19...

II The Central Bank of West African States, 1962–74: Its Structure and Functions

II The Central Bank of West African States, 1962–74: Its Structure and Functions »

Source: The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Rattan Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1985

ISBN: 9781616351083

Keywords: West African Monetary Union, rediscount, monetary fund, central bank, money supply, money market

The “politico-economic” framework within which the BCEAO operated changed between the time it look on the broader functions of a common central bank in 1962, and the revision of its statutes in 1974. At the...

III The Money Supply Process and the Use of Monetary Instruments, 1963–74

III The Money Supply Process and the Use of Monetary Instruments, 1963–74 »

Source: The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Rattan Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1985

ISBN: 9781616351083

Keywords: West African Monetary Union, rediscount, monetary fund, central bank, money supply, money market

The BCEAO area is open to trade and payments, which sets obvious limits on how far it can have an independent monetary policy because the balance of payments outcome is almost exogenously determined by produ...

IV Credit Inflation and the Reform of the Monetary Union, 1974

IV Credit Inflation and the Reform of the Monetary Union, 1974 »

Source: The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Rattan Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1985

ISBN: 9781616351083

Keywords: West African Monetary Union, rediscount, monetary fund, central bank, money supply, money market

As observed earlier, between 1963 and 1974 the deposits of commercial banks increased faster than their demand for rediscountable credit. This, coupled with the BCEAO’s readiness to provide liberal rediscoun...

V Credit Policy and Developments, 1974–82

V Credit Policy and Developments, 1974–82 »

Source: The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Rattan Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1985

ISBN: 9781616351083

Keywords: West African Monetary Union, rediscount, monetary fund, central bank, money supply, money market

As noted in the Section IV, until recently the BCEAO continued to rely mainly on its rediscount policy to influence monetary developments and, to some extent, on the mechanism of prior authorization to deter...

VI Fiscal Policy

VI Fiscal Policy »

Source: The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Rattan Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1985

ISBN: 9781616351083

Keywords: West African Monetary Union, rediscount, monetary fund, central bank, money supply, money market

A monetary union, with its explicit coordination of monetary and exchange policies, also implies some cooperation in the fiscal policies of member countries. Unduly divergent fiscal policies could lead to un...

VII Cost-Price Distortions and Adjustment

VII Cost-Price Distortions and Adjustment »

Source: The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Rattan Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1985

ISBN: 9781616351083

Keywords: West African Monetary Union, rediscount, monetary fund, central bank, money supply, money market

The earlier sections have demonstrated that, notwithstanding the reforms of the BCEAO in 1974, monetary and fiscal developments have differed considerably among member countries. Theoretically, in a union wi...

Strengthening the West African Economic and Monetary Union: The Role of Fiscal and Market Institutions in Economic Stabilization

Strengthening the West African Economic and Monetary Union: The Role of Fiscal and Market Institutions in Economic Stabilization »

Source: Strengthening the West African Economic and Monetary Union : The Role of Fiscal and Market Institutions in Economic Stabilization

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , Patrick Imam , Tidiane Kinda , and Aleksandra Zdzienicka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513567334

Keywords: Fiscal rules and institutions, West African Economic and Monetary Union, External shocks, Regional shocks, Economic stabilization, Economic integration, fiscal, debt, insurance, deficit

West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) countries face a well-known dilemma between the need to provide shock-smoothing mechanisms and the lack of adequate mechanisms to do so. WAEMU countries are subject...