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The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review

The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Rattan Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1985

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351083.084

ISBN: 9781616351083

Keywords: West African Monetary Union, rediscount, monetary fund, central bank, money supply, money market

Until 1984, the West African Monetary Union (WAMU) consisted of six West African countries- Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Niger, Senegal, and Togo. (Mali withdrew from the Union in 1961 and rejoined in 1984; it...

I The West African Monetary Union and the Theory of Currency Unions

I The West African Monetary Union and the Theory of Currency Unions »

Source: The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Rattan Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1985

ISBN: 9781616351083

Keywords: West African Monetary Union, rediscount, monetary fund, central bank, money supply, money market

Until 1984, the West African Monetary Union (WAMU) consisted of six West African countries—Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Niger, Senegal, and Togo. (Mali withdrew from the Union in 1961 and rejoined in 19...

II The Central Bank of West African States, 1962–74: Its Structure and Functions

II The Central Bank of West African States, 1962–74: Its Structure and Functions »

Source: The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Rattan Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1985

ISBN: 9781616351083

Keywords: West African Monetary Union, rediscount, monetary fund, central bank, money supply, money market

The “politico-economic” framework within which the BCEAO operated changed between the time it look on the broader functions of a common central bank in 1962, and the revision of its statutes in 1974. At the...

III The Money Supply Process and the Use of Monetary Instruments, 1963–74

III The Money Supply Process and the Use of Monetary Instruments, 1963–74 »

Source: The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Rattan Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1985

ISBN: 9781616351083

Keywords: West African Monetary Union, rediscount, monetary fund, central bank, money supply, money market

The BCEAO area is open to trade and payments, which sets obvious limits on how far it can have an independent monetary policy because the balance of payments outcome is almost exogenously determined by produ...

IV Credit Inflation and the Reform of the Monetary Union, 1974

IV Credit Inflation and the Reform of the Monetary Union, 1974 »

Source: The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Rattan Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1985

ISBN: 9781616351083

Keywords: West African Monetary Union, rediscount, monetary fund, central bank, money supply, money market

As observed earlier, between 1963 and 1974 the deposits of commercial banks increased faster than their demand for rediscountable credit. This, coupled with the BCEAO’s readiness to provide liberal rediscoun...

V Credit Policy and Developments, 1974–82

V Credit Policy and Developments, 1974–82 »

Source: The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Rattan Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1985

ISBN: 9781616351083

Keywords: West African Monetary Union, rediscount, monetary fund, central bank, money supply, money market

As noted in the Section IV, until recently the BCEAO continued to rely mainly on its rediscount policy to influence monetary developments and, to some extent, on the mechanism of prior authorization to deter...

VI Fiscal Policy

VI Fiscal Policy »

Source: The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Rattan Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1985

ISBN: 9781616351083

Keywords: West African Monetary Union, rediscount, monetary fund, central bank, money supply, money market

A monetary union, with its explicit coordination of monetary and exchange policies, also implies some cooperation in the fiscal policies of member countries. Unduly divergent fiscal policies could lead to un...

VII Cost-Price Distortions and Adjustment

VII Cost-Price Distortions and Adjustment »

Source: The West African Monetary Union An Analytical Review

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Rattan Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1985

ISBN: 9781616351083

Keywords: West African Monetary Union, rediscount, monetary fund, central bank, money supply, money market

The earlier sections have demonstrated that, notwithstanding the reforms of the BCEAO in 1974, monetary and fiscal developments have differed considerably among member countries. Theoretically, in a union wi...

Chapter 4. External Stability Assessment13

Chapter 4. External Stability Assessment13 »

Source: Responding to Shocks and Maintaining Stability in the West African Economic and Monetary Union

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Christina Kolerus , Aleksandra Zdzienicka , Ermal Hitaj , and Douglas Shapiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484341186

Keywords: External shocks, Cross country analysis, Business cycles, Monetary policy, Fiscal policy, Fiscal stability, West African Economic and Monetary Union, West Africa, monetary union, debt sustainability

The West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) current account deficit has hovered around 5percent of GDP during the last decade and has been financed mainly by aid and foreign direct inve...

Chapter 5. Debt Sustainability in the WAEMU16

Chapter 5. Debt Sustainability in the WAEMU16 »

Source: Responding to Shocks and Maintaining Stability in the West African Economic and Monetary Union

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Christina Kolerus , Aleksandra Zdzienicka , Ermal Hitaj , and Douglas Shapiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484341186

Keywords: External shocks, Cross country analysis, Business cycles, Monetary policy, Fiscal policy, Fiscal stability, West African Economic and Monetary Union, West Africa, monetary union, debt sustainability

Thanks to debt relief, all West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) countries now have public debt—to-GDP ratios way below 70 percent, the ceiling set by the...