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Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal? »

Source: Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Volume/Issue: 2004/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451849370

Keywords: Agglomeration, downstream firms, trade liberalization, upstream firms, vertical ilinks, final goods, intermediate inputs, tariff rates, trade costs, uniform tariffs

This paper analyzes whether uniform tariffs give rise to the highest welfare compared with tariffs that either escalate or de-escalate along the value chain of production. We show that countries may be better off w...

North-South Trade

North-South Trade »

Source: North-South Trade : Is Africa Unusual?

Volume/Issue: 1998/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coe , and Alexander Hoffmaister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451851694

Keywords: gravity model, trade, bilateral trade, trading patterns, world trade, trade liberalization, trading blocs

We estimate a gravity model to address the question of whether Africa’s bilateral trade with industrial countries is “unusual” compared with other developing country regions. Our main finding i...

Recent Trade Policies and An Approach to Further Reform in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Recent Trade Policies and An Approach to Further Reform in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: Recent Trade Policies and An Approach to Further Reform in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Volume/Issue: 1996/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Leidy , and Ali Ibrahim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1996

ISBN: 9781451959970

Keywords: export taxes, trade liberalization, export quotas, trade reform, tariff structure

This paper reviews the extent to which the Fund’s trade policy advice to the Baltic countries, Russia and other countries of the Former Soviet Union has been implemented. It broadly traces the evolution of t...

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries »

Source: The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2008/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yi Wu , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868760

Keywords: trade balance, impact of trade, impact of trade liberalization, terms of trade,

Using two recently constructed measures of trade liberalization dates, this research studies the impact of trade liberalization on imports, exports, and overall trade balance for a large sample of developing countr...

Transitional Arrangements for Trade and Payments Among the CMEA Countries

Transitional Arrangements for Trade and Payments Among the CMEA Countries »

Source: Transitional Arrangements for Trade and Payments Among the CMEA Countries

Volume/Issue: 1990/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1990

ISBN: 9781451955712

Keywords: world prices, trade liberalization, terms of trade, bilateral trade, foreign trade

Trade among the CMEA countries will soon be conducted at world prices and in convertible currencies. These are crucial steps in economic reform but will worsen Eastern Europe’s terms of trade and drive it in...

The Romanian Economic Reform Program

The Romanian Economic Reform Program »

Source: The Romanian Economic Reform Program

Volume/Issue: 1991/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dimitri Demekas , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1991

ISBN: 9781451850246

Keywords: foreign trade, banking, foreign exchange, price liberalization, banking system

With the start of the process of its transition to a market economy in early 1990, Romania joined the ranks of other reforming Eastern European countries. At the starting point of its reform program, however, Roman...

Capital Controls and Trade Liberalization in a Monetary Economy

Capital Controls and Trade Liberalization in a Monetary Economy »

Source: Capital Controls and Trade Liberalization in a Monetary Economy

Volume/Issue: 1999/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): B. Jang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

ISBN: 9781451844122

Keywords: Capital Controls, capital mobility, future trade liberalization, import tariff

This paper reexamines Aizenman’s (1985) results on the effects of capital controls during unanticipated trade liberalization using an intertemporal optimizing monetary model. Unlike in Aizenman’s mode...

Stabilization and Structural Reform in Czechoslovakia

Stabilization and Structural Reform in Czechoslovakia »

Source: Stabilization and Structural Reform in Czechoslovakia : An Assessment of the First Stage

Volume/Issue: 1992/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bijan Aghevli , Tessa Van der Willigen , and Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451841671

Keywords: balance of payments, price liberalization, foreign trade, Economic Reform,

This paper analyzes the Czechoslovak reform program which was launched on January 1, 1991. Under this program, Czechoslovakia has taken decisive steps to establish a market economy, while achieving price stability...

Trade in the WAEMU

Trade in the WAEMU »

Source: Trade in the WAEMU : Developments and Reform Opportunities

Volume/Issue: 2008/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hans Weisfeld , and Manuela Goretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869309

Keywords: WAEMU, Economic Partnership Agreement, trade liberalization, trade diversion, tariff revenue, tariff rates, trade regime,

This paper provides an overview of trade reform in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) since 1996 and a quantitative assessment of potential effects on trade patterns and tariff revenue of the curr...

International Trade and Poverty Alleviation1

International Trade and Poverty Alleviation1 »

Source: International Trade and Poverty Alleviation

Volume/Issue: 2001/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Geoffrey Bannister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451847512

Keywords: trade reform, effects of trade liberalization, trade reforms, Welfare and Poverty: General,

Empirical studies suggest that trade reform has a positive effect on employment and income for the poor; however, there are winners and losers. If the transitional costs of trade liberalization fall disproportionat...