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Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal? »

Source: Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Volume/Issue: 2004/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451849370

Keywords: Agglomeration, downstream firms, trade liberalization, upstream firms, vertical ilinks, final goods, intermediate inputs, tariff rates, trade costs, uniform tariffs

This paper analyzes whether uniform tariffs give rise to the highest welfare compared with tariffs that either escalate or de-escalate along the value chain of production. We show that countries may be better off w...

North-South Trade

North-South Trade »

Source: North-South Trade : Is Africa Unusual?

Volume/Issue: 1998/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coe , and Alexander Hoffmaister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451851694

Keywords: gravity model, trade, bilateral trade, trading patterns, world trade, trade liberalization, trading blocs

We estimate a gravity model to address the question of whether Africa’s bilateral trade with industrial countries is “unusual” compared with other developing country regions. Our main finding i...

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries »

Source: The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2008/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yi Wu , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868760

Keywords: trade balance, impact of trade, impact of trade liberalization, terms of trade,

Using two recently constructed measures of trade liberalization dates, this research studies the impact of trade liberalization on imports, exports, and overall trade balance for a large sample of developing countr...

The Burden of Sub-Saharan African Own Commitments in the Uruguay Round

The Burden of Sub-Saharan African Own Commitments in the Uruguay Round »

Source: The Burden of Sub-Saharan African Own Commitments in the Uruguay Round : Myth or Reality?

Volume/Issue: 1995/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piritta Sorsa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1995

ISBN: 9781451972344

Keywords: market access, trading partners, local content, liberalization commitments, transition period

The paper reviews Sub-Saharan Africa’s (SSA) (i) own market access commitments in the Uruguay Round, and (ii) the nature of the constraints on SSA policies set by the Uruguay Round. It concludes that SSA fai...

Fiscal Implications of Multilateral Tariff Cuts

Fiscal Implications of Multilateral Tariff Cuts »

Source: Fiscal Implications of Multilateral Tariff Cuts

Volume/Issue: 2006/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Azim Sadikov , Hans Lankes , Dustin Smith , Katrin Elborgh-Woytek , and Jean-Jacques Hallaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2006

ISBN: 9781451864632

Keywords: Doha Round, trade policy, trade liberalization, tariff revenue, tariff cuts, tariff lines, Trade Policy. Doha Round,

The paper contributes to the discussion about the revenue implications of trade reform by assessing the approximate fiscal revenue impact of different liberalization formulae under consideration in multilateral tra...

Trade and Integration in the Caribbean

Trade and Integration in the Caribbean »

Source: Trade and Integration in the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2002/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Egoume Bossogo , and Chandima Mendis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2002

ISBN: 9781451856835

Keywords: integration, gravity model, dummy variable, equation, trade liberalization, bilateral trade, average trade, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Bahamas,

This paper analyzes trade in the Caribbean community (CARICOM) using a gravity model framework. The paper seeks to shed light on the dynamics of trade among CARICOM member countries, as well with the rest of world...

Trade Openness and Growth

Trade Openness and Growth »

Source: Trade Openness and Growth : Pursuing Empirical Glasnost

Volume/Issue: 2007/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andreas Billmeier , and Tommaso Nannicini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867206

Keywords: trade openness, growth, matching estimators, synthetic control, gdp per capita, real gdp, trade liberalization,

Studies of the impact of trade openness on growth are based either on cross-country analysis-which lacks transparency-or case studies-which lack statistical rigor. We apply transparent econometric methods drawn fro...

Growth and Structural Reforms

Growth and Structural Reforms »

Source: Growth and Structural Reforms : A New Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2009/284

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Thierry Tressel , and Martin Schindler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451874297

Keywords: Liberalization, Domestic Finance, Trade: Capital Account, tfp, real gdp, trade reforms, gdp per capita,

This paper presents a simultaneous assessment of the relationship between economic performance and three groups of economic reforms: domestic finance, trade, and the capital account. Among these, domestic financial...

The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly

The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly »

Source: The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly

Volume/Issue: 2003/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shang-Jin Wei , and Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

ISBN: 9781451859430

Keywords: WTO, gravity, special and differential treatment, industrial country, industrial countries, free trade area, free trade, trade liberalization,

This paper furnishes robust evidence that the GATT/WTO has had a powerful and positive impact on trade. The impact has, however, been uneven. GATT/WTO membership for industrial countries has been associated with a...

Tax Policy and Trade Liberalization

Tax Policy and Trade Liberalization »

Source: Tax Policy and Trade Liberalization : An Application to Mexico

Volume/Issue: 1992/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Feltenstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1992

ISBN: 9781451853025

Keywords: budget deficit, wholesale price index, wholesale price, trade liberalization, import duties

We construct a dynamic general equilibrium model of an open economy and use it to examine issues of trade liberalization in Mexico. In particular, we consider the fiscal implications of quotas and tariffs and, acco...