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Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal? »

Source: Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Volume/Issue: 2004/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451849370

Keywords: Agglomeration, downstream firms, trade liberalization, upstream firms, vertical ilinks, final goods, intermediate inputs, tariff rates, trade costs, uniform tariffs

This paper analyzes whether uniform tariffs give rise to the highest welfare compared with tariffs that either escalate or de-escalate along the value chain of production. We show that countries may be better off w...

Capital Controls and Trade Liberalization in a Monetary Economy

Capital Controls and Trade Liberalization in a Monetary Economy »

Source: Capital Controls and Trade Liberalization in a Monetary Economy

Volume/Issue: 1999/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): B. Jang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

ISBN: 9781451844122

Keywords: Capital Controls, capital mobility, future trade liberalization, import tariff

This paper reexamines Aizenman’s (1985) results on the effects of capital controls during unanticipated trade liberalization using an intertemporal optimizing monetary model. Unlike in Aizenman’s mode...

International Trade and Poverty Alleviation1

International Trade and Poverty Alleviation1 »

Source: International Trade and Poverty Alleviation

Volume/Issue: 2001/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Geoffrey Bannister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451847512

Keywords: trade reform, effects of trade liberalization, trade reforms, Welfare and Poverty: General,

Empirical studies suggest that trade reform has a positive effect on employment and income for the poor; however, there are winners and losers. If the transitional costs of trade liberalization fall disproportionat...

The Burden of Sub-Saharan African Own Commitments in the Uruguay Round

The Burden of Sub-Saharan African Own Commitments in the Uruguay Round »

Source: The Burden of Sub-Saharan African Own Commitments in the Uruguay Round : Myth or Reality?

Volume/Issue: 1995/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piritta Sorsa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1995

ISBN: 9781451972344

Keywords: market access, trading partners, local content, liberalization commitments, transition period

The paper reviews Sub-Saharan Africa’s (SSA) (i) own market access commitments in the Uruguay Round, and (ii) the nature of the constraints on SSA policies set by the Uruguay Round. It concludes that SSA fai...

Fiscal Implications of Multilateral Tariff Cuts

Fiscal Implications of Multilateral Tariff Cuts »

Source: Fiscal Implications of Multilateral Tariff Cuts

Volume/Issue: 2006/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Azim Sadikov , Hans Lankes , Dustin Smith , Katrin Elborgh-Woytek , and Jean-Jacques Hallaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2006

ISBN: 9781451864632

Keywords: Doha Round, trade policy, trade liberalization, tariff revenue, tariff cuts, tariff lines, Trade Policy. Doha Round,

The paper contributes to the discussion about the revenue implications of trade reform by assessing the approximate fiscal revenue impact of different liberalization formulae under consideration in multilateral tra...

The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly

The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly »

Source: The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly

Volume/Issue: 2003/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shang-Jin Wei , and Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

ISBN: 9781451859430

Keywords: WTO, gravity, special and differential treatment, industrial country, industrial countries, free trade area, free trade, trade liberalization,

This paper furnishes robust evidence that the GATT/WTO has had a powerful and positive impact on trade. The impact has, however, been uneven. GATT/WTO membership for industrial countries has been associated with a...

Volatility and Growth in Latin America

Volatility and Growth in Latin America »

Source: Volatility and Growth in Latin America : An Episodic Approach

Volume/Issue: 2006/287

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , and Rishi Goyal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865479

Keywords: Growth, Volatility, Structural Reforms, Episodic Approach, fiscal policy, terms of trade, exchange rate regime, fiscal balance, trade liberalization, Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics: General,

This paper compares the pattern of macroeconomic volatility in 17 Latin American countries during episodes of high and low growth since 1970, examining in particular the role of policy volatility. Macroeconomic out...

Liberalization of Trade in Financial Services and Financial Sector Stability (Empirical Approach)

Liberalization of Trade in Financial Services and Financial Sector Stability (Empirical Approach) »

Source: Liberalization of Trade in Financial Services and Financial Sector Stability (Empirical Approach)

Volume/Issue: 2002/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451856057

Keywords: financial sector stability, financial sector, financial stability, trade in services, services liberalization, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Financial Institutions And Services,

The paper explores empirically the links between the WTO-driven liberalization of trade in financial services and the stability of national financial systems. Econometric testing of indicators intended to proxy fin...

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal? »

Volume/Issue: 2004/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849370.001

ISBN: 9781451849370

Keywords: Agglomeration, downstream firms, trade liberalization, upstream firms, vertical ilinks, final goods, intermediate inputs, tariff rates, trade costs, uniform tariffs

This paper analyzes whether uniform tariffs give rise to the highest welfare compared with tariffs that either escalate or de-escalate along the value chain of production. We show that countries may be better off w...

WTO Financial Services Commitments

WTO Financial Services Commitments »

Source: WTO Financial Services Commitments : Determinants and Impacton Financial Stability

Volume/Issue: 2002/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nico Valckx

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451875003

Keywords: Financial services liberalization commitments, choice of commitments, banking and currency crises, financial instability, extreme bounds analysis, WTO, banking, financial services, banking crisis, financial sector

The paper investigates the factors that have influenced WTO members to take on their chosen level of liberalization commitments in the framework of liberalization of trade in financial services and the impact of su...