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Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal? »

Source: Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Volume/Issue: 2004/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451849370

Keywords: Agglomeration, downstream firms, trade liberalization, upstream firms, vertical ilinks, final goods, intermediate inputs, tariff rates, trade costs, uniform tariffs

This paper analyzes whether uniform tariffs give rise to the highest welfare compared with tariffs that either escalate or de-escalate along the value chain of production. We show that countries may be better off w...

Capital Controls and Trade Liberalization in a Monetary Economy

Capital Controls and Trade Liberalization in a Monetary Economy »

Source: Capital Controls and Trade Liberalization in a Monetary Economy

Volume/Issue: 1999/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): B. Jang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

ISBN: 9781451844122

Keywords: Capital Controls, capital mobility, future trade liberalization, import tariff

This paper reexamines Aizenman’s (1985) results on the effects of capital controls during unanticipated trade liberalization using an intertemporal optimizing monetary model. Unlike in Aizenman’s mode...

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries »

Source: The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2008/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yi Wu , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868760

Keywords: trade balance, impact of trade, impact of trade liberalization, terms of trade,

Using two recently constructed measures of trade liberalization dates, this research studies the impact of trade liberalization on imports, exports, and overall trade balance for a large sample of developing countr...

The Speed of Adjustment and the Sequencing of Economic Reforms

The Speed of Adjustment and the Sequencing of Economic Reforms »

Source: The Speed of Adjustment and the Sequencing of Economic Reforms : Issues and Guidelines for Policymakers

Volume/Issue: 2002/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Saleh Nsouli , Mounir Rached , and Norbert Funke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451855395

Keywords: Adjustment, reforms, speed of adjustment, sequencing, capital account liberalization, trade reform, political economy, Economic Systems: General,

This paper reviews the issues involved in determining the appropriate speed of adjustment and the sequencing of economic reforms, focusing on considerations relevant to policymakers. It points out that the debate b...

Growth and Reforms in Latin America

Growth and Reforms in Latin America »

Source: Growth and Reforms in Latin America : A Survey of Facts and Arguments

Volume/Issue: 2006/210

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jeronimo Zettelmeyer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2006

ISBN: 9781451864700

Keywords: Growth, Reforms, Volatility, per capita income, trade liberalization, growth diagnostics, terms of trade, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

This paper presents a number of facts about growth in Latin America, and shows how critical correlates of growth have evolved over time. In comparison with other regions, Latin America has consistently exhibited hi...

Volatility and Growth in Latin America

Volatility and Growth in Latin America »

Source: Volatility and Growth in Latin America : An Episodic Approach

Volume/Issue: 2006/287

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , and Rishi Goyal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865479

Keywords: Growth, Volatility, Structural Reforms, Episodic Approach, fiscal policy, terms of trade, exchange rate regime, fiscal balance, trade liberalization, Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics: General,

This paper compares the pattern of macroeconomic volatility in 17 Latin American countries during episodes of high and low growth since 1970, examining in particular the role of policy volatility. Macroeconomic out...

Regional Convergence in Latin America

Regional Convergence in Latin America »

Source: Regional Convergence in Latin America

Volume/Issue: 2006/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bennett Sutton , Genevieve Lindow , Maria Isabel Serra , Gustavo Ramirez , and Maria Fernanda Pazmino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863857

Keywords: growth, convergence, regional disparities, standard deviation, trade liberalization, conditional convergence, equation, correlation, Economywide Country Studies: Oceania, Regional Economic Activity: Growth

This paper presents empirical evidence on convergence of per capita output for regions within six large middle-income Latin American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru. It explores the...

Democracy and Reforms

Democracy and Reforms »

Source: Democracy and Reforms : Evidence from a New Dataset

Volume/Issue: 2010/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , Paola Giuliano , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201846

Keywords: institutions, transition, economic liberalization, correlation, statistical significance, neighboring countries, trade reforms, statistics, Comparative Studies of Countries, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance

Empirical evidence on the relationship between democracy and economic reforms is limited to few reforms, countries, and years. This paper studies the impact of democracy on the adoption of economic reforms using a...

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal?

Are Uniform Tariffs Optimal? »

Volume/Issue: 2004/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849370.001

ISBN: 9781451849370

Keywords: Agglomeration, downstream firms, trade liberalization, upstream firms, vertical ilinks, final goods, intermediate inputs, tariff rates, trade costs, uniform tariffs

This paper analyzes whether uniform tariffs give rise to the highest welfare compared with tariffs that either escalate or de-escalate along the value chain of production. We show that countries may be better off w...

Capital Controls and Trade Liberalization in a Monetary Economy

Capital Controls and Trade Liberalization in a Monetary Economy »

Volume/Issue: 1999/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): B. Jang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844122.001

ISBN: 9781451844122

Keywords: Capital Controls, capital mobility, future trade liberalization, import tariff

This paper reexamines Aizenman’s (1985) results on the effects of capital controls during unanticipated trade liberalization using an intertemporal optimizing monetary model. Unlike in Aizenman’s mode...