Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 14 items :

  • Keyword: Trade liberalization x
  • IMF Working Papers x
Clear All Modify Search
Transitional Arrangements for Trade and Payments Among the CMEA Countries

Transitional Arrangements for Trade and Payments Among the CMEA Countries »

Source: Transitional Arrangements for Trade and Payments Among the CMEA Countries

Volume/Issue: 1990/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1990

ISBN: 9781451955712

Keywords: world prices, trade liberalization, terms of trade, bilateral trade, foreign trade

Trade among the CMEA countries will soon be conducted at world prices and in convertible currencies. These are crucial steps in economic reform but will worsen Eastern Europe’s terms of trade and drive it in...

Budgetary Subsidies in Centrally Planned Economies in Transition

Budgetary Subsidies in Centrally Planned Economies in Transition »

Source: Budgetary Subsidies in Centrally Planned Economies in Transition

Volume/Issue: 1991/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Holzmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451925883

Keywords: subsidies, subsidy, consumer subsidies, price liberalization, foreign trade

This paper analyzes budgetary subsidy policy issues that arise when centrally planned economies move toward a market economy. The analysis suggests that subsidy reduction, to be successful, has to be embedded into...

Trade Liberalization Strategies

Trade Liberalization Strategies »

Source: Trade Liberalization Strategies : What Could South Eastern Europe Learn From Cefta and Bfta?

Volume/Issue: 2003/239

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonis Adam , James McHugh , and Theodora Kosma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

ISBN: 9781451875799

Keywords: Trade liberalization, gravity models, stability pact, CEFTA, BFTA, trade area, free trade, free trade area, regional trade, portfolio choice

This paper explores the effectiveness of the Central European Free Trade Area (CEFTA) and the Baltic Free Trade Area (BFTA). Estimates from a gravity model and bilateral trade data support the view that both CEFTA...

Stabilization and Reform in Eastern Europe

Stabilization and Reform in Eastern Europe »

Source: Stabilization and Reform in Eastern Europe : A Preliminary Evaluation

Volume/Issue: 1992/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Bruno

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

ISBN: 9781451844856

Keywords: inflation, foreign exchange, price level, trade liberalization, price stability, Economic Reform,

The paper analyzes common issues emerging from the recent experience with Fund-supported programs in Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria and Romania. These comprise the initial price-overshooting and the outp...

Growth and Structural Reforms

Growth and Structural Reforms »

Source: Growth and Structural Reforms : A New Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2009/284

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Thierry Tressel , and Martin Schindler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451874297

Keywords: Liberalization, Domestic Finance, Trade: Capital Account, tfp, real gdp, trade reforms, gdp per capita,

This paper presents a simultaneous assessment of the relationship between economic performance and three groups of economic reforms: domestic finance, trade, and the capital account. Among these, domestic financial...

The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly

The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly »

Source: The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly

Volume/Issue: 2003/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shang-Jin Wei , and Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

ISBN: 9781451859430

Keywords: WTO, gravity, special and differential treatment, industrial country, industrial countries, free trade area, free trade, trade liberalization,

This paper furnishes robust evidence that the GATT/WTO has had a powerful and positive impact on trade. The impact has, however, been uneven. GATT/WTO membership for industrial countries has been associated with a...

Democracy and Reforms

Democracy and Reforms »

Source: Democracy and Reforms : Evidence from a New Dataset

Volume/Issue: 2010/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , Paola Giuliano , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201846

Keywords: institutions, transition, economic liberalization, correlation, statistical significance, neighboring countries, trade reforms, statistics, Comparative Studies of Countries, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance

Empirical evidence on the relationship between democracy and economic reforms is limited to few reforms, countries, and years. This paper studies the impact of democracy on the adoption of economic reforms using a...

Transitional Arrangements for Trade and Payments Among the CMEA Countries

Transitional Arrangements for Trade and Payments Among the CMEA Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1990/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451955712.001

ISBN: 9781451955712

Keywords: world prices, trade liberalization, terms of trade, bilateral trade, foreign trade

Trade among the CMEA countries will soon be conducted at world prices and in convertible currencies. These are crucial steps in economic reform but will worsen Eastern Europe’s terms of trade and drive it in...

Budgetary Subsidies in Centrally Planned Economies in Transition

Budgetary Subsidies in Centrally Planned Economies in Transition »

Volume/Issue: 1991/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Holzmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451925883.001

ISBN: 9781451925883

Keywords: subsidies, subsidy, consumer subsidies, price liberalization, foreign trade

This paper analyzes budgetary subsidy policy issues that arise when centrally planned economies move toward a market economy. The analysis suggests that subsidy reduction, to be successful, has to be embedded into...

Trade Liberalization Strategies
			: What Could South Eastern Europe Learn From Cefta and Bfta?

Trade Liberalization Strategies : What Could South Eastern Europe Learn From Cefta and Bfta? »

Volume/Issue: 2003/239

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonis Adam , James McHugh , and Theodora Kosma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875799.001

ISBN: 9781451875799

Keywords: Trade liberalization, gravity models, stability pact, CEFTA, BFTA, trade area, free trade, free trade area, regional trade, portfolio choice

This paper explores the effectiveness of the Central European Free Trade Area (CEFTA) and the Baltic Free Trade Area (BFTA). Estimates from a gravity model and bilateral trade data support the view that both CEFTA...