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Uganda
			: Adjustment with Growth, 1987-94

Uganda : Adjustment with Growth, 1987-94 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Hema De Zoysa , Robert Sharer , and Calvin McDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754615.084

ISBN: 9781557754615

Keywords: prices, terms of trade, payments, expenditure, credit

This paper explores not only the recent adjustment efforts but also the prospects for Uganda in the medium term. It provides an overview of recent economic performance with respect to growth, saving, and investment...

Africa and the International Monetary Fund
			: Papers Presented at a Symposium Held in Nairobi, Kenya, May 13-15, 1985

Africa and the International Monetary Fund : Papers Presented at a Symposium Held in Nairobi, Kenya, May 13-15, 1985 »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934614.071

ISBN: 9780939934614

Keywords: balance of payments, central bank, terms of trade

Edited by G.K. Helleiner, this volume contains the proceedings of a symposium jointly sponsored by the Association of African Central Banks and the IMF that was held in Nairobi, Kenya, in May 1985....

Rapid Current Account Adjustments

Rapid Current Account Adjustments »

Source: Rapid Current Account Adjustments : Are Microstates Different?

Volume/Issue: 2008/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Imam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870916

Keywords: Terms of trade shocks, microstates, terms of trade, trade shocks, terms of trade shock, trade shock,

We describe unique aspects of microstates-they are less diversified, suffer from lumpiness of investment, they are geographically at the periphery and prone to natural disasters, and have less access to capital mar...

Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Growth, Savings, and Investment, 1986-93

Sub-Saharan Africa : Growth, Savings, and Investment, 1986-93 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Martin Mühleisen , Dhaneshwar Ghura , Roger Nord , Michael Hadjimichael , and E. Ucer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754585.084

ISBN: 9781557754585

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, interest, debt, public debt

This paper assesses the economic performance during 1986-93 of sub-Saharan African countries as a group and of selected analytical subgroups of countries....

Adjustment for Growth
			: The African Experience

Adjustment for Growth : The African Experience »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Amor Tahari , M. Nowak , Michael Hadjimichael , and Robert Sharer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755667.084

ISBN: 9781557755667

Keywords: debt, interest, terms of trade, external debt, payments

Over the past two decades, sub-Saharan Africa has lagged behind other regions in economic performance. The important overall indicators of performance, however, mask wide differences among countries. On the whole,...

The ESAF at Ten Years
			: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries

The ESAF at Ten Years : Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756930.051

ISBN: 9781557756930

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, transition economies, structural adjustment, terms of trade

For over 10 years, the IMF has supported adjustment and reform programs in many of its low-income members through two facilities established specifically for that purpose - the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facili...

The CFA Franc Zone
			: Common Currency, Uncommon Challenges

The CFA Franc Zone : Common Currency, Uncommon Challenges »

Series: Books

Author(s): Anne Gulde , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066755.071

ISBN: 9781589066755

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, terms of trade, exchange rates, monetary policy

About one-third of countries covered by the IMF's African Department are members of the CFA franc zone. With most other countries moving away from fixed exchange rates, the issue of an adequate policy framework to...

Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries
			: Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies

Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries : Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Erik Offerdal , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Mauro Mecagni , Jianping Zhou , Balázs Horváth , David Goldsbrough , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755599.084

ISBN: 9781557755599

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, private investment, external financing, wages

This study examines the links between adjustment policies and growth in a small group of developing countries- Bangladesh, Chile, Ghana, India, Mexico, Morocco, Senegal, and Thailand - during 1970 -93. It provides...

Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353797.071

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Commodity Terms of Trade

Commodity Terms of Trade »

Source: Commodity Terms of Trade : A New Database

Volume/Issue: 2019/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bertrand Gruss , and Suhaib Kebhaj

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484393857

Keywords: Commodity terms of trade; terms of trade; commodity prices, Commodity terms of trade, terms of trade, commodity prices, General

This paper presents a comprehensive database of country-specific commodity price indices for 182 economies covering the period 1962-2018. For each country, the change in the international price of up to 45 individu...