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Uganda
			: Adjustment with Growth, 1987-94

Uganda : Adjustment with Growth, 1987-94 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Hema De Zoysa , Robert Sharer , and Calvin McDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754615.084

ISBN: 9781557754615

Keywords: prices, terms of trade, payments, expenditure, credit

This paper explores not only the recent adjustment efforts but also the prospects for Uganda in the medium term. It provides an overview of recent economic performance with respect to growth, saving, and investment...

Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Growth, Savings, and Investment, 1986-93

Sub-Saharan Africa : Growth, Savings, and Investment, 1986-93 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Martin Mühleisen , Dhaneshwar Ghura , Roger Nord , Michael Hadjimichael , and E. Ucer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754585.084

ISBN: 9781557754585

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, interest, debt, public debt

This paper assesses the economic performance during 1986-93 of sub-Saharan African countries as a group and of selected analytical subgroups of countries....

Adjustment for Growth
			: The African Experience

Adjustment for Growth : The African Experience »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Amor Tahari , M. Nowak , Michael Hadjimichael , and Robert Sharer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755667.084

ISBN: 9781557755667

Keywords: debt, interest, terms of trade, external debt, payments

Over the past two decades, sub-Saharan Africa has lagged behind other regions in economic performance. The important overall indicators of performance, however, mask wide differences among countries. On the whole,...

The ESAF at Ten Years
			: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries

The ESAF at Ten Years : Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756930.051

ISBN: 9781557756930

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, transition economies, structural adjustment, terms of trade

For over 10 years, the IMF has supported adjustment and reform programs in many of its low-income members through two facilities established specifically for that purpose - the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facili...

Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries
			: Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies

Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries : Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Erik Offerdal , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Mauro Mecagni , Jianping Zhou , Balázs Horváth , David Goldsbrough , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755599.084

ISBN: 9781557755599

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, private investment, external financing, wages

This study examines the links between adjustment policies and growth in a small group of developing countries- Bangladesh, Chile, Ghana, India, Mexico, Morocco, Senegal, and Thailand - during 1970 -93. It provides...

Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353797.071

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Commodity Terms of Trade

Commodity Terms of Trade »

Source: Commodity Terms of Trade : A New Database

Volume/Issue: 2019/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bertrand Gruss , and Suhaib Kebhaj

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484393857

Keywords: Commodity terms of trade; terms of trade; commodity prices, Commodity terms of trade, terms of trade, commodity prices, General

This paper presents a comprehensive database of country-specific commodity price indices for 182 economies covering the period 1962-2018. For each country, the change in the international price of up to 45 individu...

Resilience and Growth Through Sustained Adjustment
			: The Moroccan Experience

Resilience and Growth Through Sustained Adjustment : The Moroccan Experience »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sena Eken , Jörg Decressin , Filippo Cartiglia , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Saleh Nsouli , and Van Thai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754226.084

ISBN: 9781557754226

Keywords: balance of payments, tax system, domestic savings, public enterprises, terms of trade

This paper reviews and analyzes how Morocco overcame the economic and financial crisis it confronted at the beginning of the 1980s. It highlights the challenges that still confront the Moroccan economy and the less...

The Russian Federation in Transition
			: External Developments

The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753717.084

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

This paper examines the effects of three "shocks" - the disintegration of the U.S.S.R., domestic economic reform, and changing relations with other countries- on Russia's balance of payments position. The importanc...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2016, Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Time for a Policy Reset

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2016, Sub-Saharan Africa : Time for a Policy Reset »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2016

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484309841.086

ISBN: 9781484309841

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Terms of trade, financial development, commodity, exchange, debt, exchange rate

Economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa as a whole has fallen to its lowest level in 15 years, though with large variation among countries in the region. The sharp decline in commodity prices has severely strained ma...