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International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1963

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1963 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 September 1963

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351755.011

ISBN: 9781616351755

Keywords: balance of payments, gold, central bank, terms of trade, repurchases

This paper reviews key findings of the IMF's Annual Report for the fiscal year ended April 30, 1963. The report highlights that during the course of 1962, economic activity continued to expand in most industrial co...

Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries
			: Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies

Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries : Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Erik Offerdal , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Mauro Mecagni , Jianping Zhou , Balázs Horváth , David Goldsbrough , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755599.084

ISBN: 9781557755599

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, private investment, external financing, wages

This study examines the links between adjustment policies and growth in a small group of developing countries- Bangladesh, Chile, Ghana, India, Mexico, Morocco, Senegal, and Thailand - during 1970 -93. It provides...

Economic Adjustment
			: Policies and Problems:  Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Wellington, New Zealand, February 17-19, 1986

Economic Adjustment : Policies and Problems: Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Wellington, New Zealand, February 17-19, 1986 »

Series: Books

Author(s): Frank Holmes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 1987

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934980.071

ISBN: 9780939934980

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate policy, terms of trade, balance of payments, foreign capital

This volume, edited by Sir Frank Holmes of the Institute of Policy Studies in New Zealand, contains the proceedings of a seminar held in Wellington, New Zealand. The seminar concentrates on problems of economic adj...

Assessing Reserve Adequacy in Low-Income Countries

Assessing Reserve Adequacy in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Valerio Crispolti , Era Dabla-Norris , Jun Kim , Kazuko Shirono , and George Tsibouris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616354121.084

ISBN: 9781616354121

Keywords: External shocks, reserve holdings, consumption growth, terms of trade, current account

Low-income countries routinely experience exogenous disturbances—sharp swings in the terms of trade, export demand, natural disasters, and volatile financial flows—that contribute to higher volatility...

Terms of Trade Shocks and Economic Recovery

Terms of Trade Shocks and Economic Recovery »

Source: Terms of Trade Shocks and Economic Recovery

Volume/Issue: 2008/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Imam , Eleonara Granziera , and Norbert Funke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451868982

Keywords: Growth, terms of trade shocks, trade shocks, trade shock, terms of trade shock,

This paper identifies factors that contribute to a fast recovery in growth after persistent negative terms of trade shocks, using a sample of 159 countries for 1970-2006. The results suggest that policies matter. F...

Private Saving and Terms of Trade Shocks

Private Saving and Terms of Trade Shocks »

Source: Private Saving and Terms of Trade Shocks : Evidence From Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1991/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1991

ISBN: 9781451852318

Keywords: terms of trade, terms of trade shocks, elasticity of substitution, relative price, trade shocks

This paper examines the relationship between temporary terms of trade shocks and household saving in developing countries. It is first shown that, from a theoretical standpoint, this relationship is ambiguous: priv...

Economic Adjustment in Low-Income Countries
			: Experience Under the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility

Economic Adjustment in Low-Income Countries : Experience Under the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): F. Rozwadowski , Siddharth Tiwari , David Robinson , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753366.084

ISBN: 9781557753366

Keywords: current account, export prices, export volume, external debt, terms of trade

This paper evaluates progress made under ESAF-supported programs in attaining external viability, restoring economic growth, and implementing structural reforms. Performance is evaluated for 19 countries that enter...

What Makes Growth Sustained?

What Makes Growth Sustained? »

Source: What Makes Growth Sustained?

Volume/Issue: 2008/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Andrew Berg , and Jeronimo Zettelmeyer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869217

Keywords: Growth, Accelerations, Structural Breaks, terms of trade, inflation, terms of trade shocks, external shocks, trade shocks,

We identify structural breaks in economic growth in 140 countries and use these to define "growth spells:" periods of high growth preceded by an upbreak and ending either with a downbreak or with the end of the sam...

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries »

Source: The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2008/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yi Wu , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868760

Keywords: trade balance, impact of trade, impact of trade liberalization, terms of trade,

Using two recently constructed measures of trade liberalization dates, this research studies the impact of trade liberalization on imports, exports, and overall trade balance for a large sample of developing countr...

New Zealand: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

New Zealand: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation »

Source: New Zealand : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/158

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498392143

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, current account, external debt

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economic expansion in New Zealand is becoming increasingly embedded and broad based, with growth exceeding 3 percent in the second half of 2013. The drivers inc...