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Hiding in the Shadows
			: The Growth of the Underground Economy

Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060968.051

ISBN: 9781589060968

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Shadow Economies

Shadow Economies »

Source: Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060968

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion

A factory worker has a second job driving an unlicensed taxi at night; a plumber fixes a broken water pipe for a client, gets paid in cash but doesn’t declare his earnings to the tax collector; a drug dealer...

Integrating a Unified Revenue Administration for Tax and Social Contribution Collections

Integrating a Unified Revenue Administration for Tax and Social Contribution Collections »

Source: Integrating a Unified Revenue Administration for Tax and Social Contribution Collections : Experiences of Central and Eastern European Countries

Volume/Issue: 2004/237

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875744

Keywords: Integration, tax/revenue administration, social contribution collection, social insurance, pension, contribution collection, revenue collection,

During the 1990s, a failure to collect social contributions in Central and Eastern European countries deprived pension schemes of resources needed to meet their obligations. Based on these countries' experience, th...

Quantifying Impact of Aging Population on Fiscal Space1

Quantifying Impact of Aging Population on Fiscal Space1 »

Source: Quantifying Impact of Aging Population on Fiscal Space

Volume/Issue: 2012/164

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Seok Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475505122

Keywords: tax rates, tax rate, tax revenue, government expenditure, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, Laffer Curve, Public Economics,

This paper quantitatively investigates how population aging trend affects fiscal space measured as unused revenue generating capacity by utilizing a standard neoclassical growth model. A calibration exercise for G-...

Fiscal Policy Response to External Crises the Case of Moldova 1998-2010

Fiscal Policy Response to External Crises the Case of Moldova 1998-2010 »

Source: Fiscal Policy Response to External Crises the Case of Moldova 1998-2010

Volume/Issue: 2012/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Driton Qehaja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502343

Keywords: international assistance, pension, pension system, tax revenue, retirement, Moldova, Republic of, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit

External shocks pose major challenges to fiscal policy makers through lower output and large fiscal imbalances. This paper analyzes the case of Moldova, which faced parallel crises a decade apart: the Russian crisi...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060968

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Hiding in the Shadows : The Growth of the Underground Economy

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Dominik Enste , and Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060968

Keywords: tax rates, labor force, taxation, tax revenues, tax evasion

Examines the role of the shadow, or underground, economy. Looks at ways of measuring it, the relationship between the shadow economy and the main stream economy, why it has been growing in size, and its effects on...

Integrating a Unified Revenue Administration for Tax and Social Contribution Collections
			: Experiences of Central and Eastern European Countries

Integrating a Unified Revenue Administration for Tax and Social Contribution Collections : Experiences of Central and Eastern European Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2004/237

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875744.001

ISBN: 9781451875744

Keywords: Integration, tax/revenue administration, social contribution collection, social insurance, pension, contribution collection, revenue collection,

During the 1990s, a failure to collect social contributions in Central and Eastern European countries deprived pension schemes of resources needed to meet their obligations. Based on these countries' experience, th...

Quantifying Impact of Aging Population on Fiscal Space

Quantifying Impact of Aging Population on Fiscal Space »

Volume/Issue: 2012/164

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Seok Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505122.001

ISBN: 9781475505122

Keywords: tax rates, tax rate, tax revenue, government expenditure, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, Laffer Curve, Public Economics,

This paper quantitatively investigates how population aging trend affects fiscal space measured as unused revenue generating capacity by utilizing a standard neoclassical growth model. A calibration exercise for G-...

Fiscal Policy Response to External Crises the Case of Moldova 1998-2010

Fiscal Policy Response to External Crises the Case of Moldova 1998-2010 »

Volume/Issue: 2012/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Driton Qehaja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502343.001

ISBN: 9781475502343

Keywords: international assistance, pension, pension system, tax revenue, retirement, Moldova, Republic of, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit

External shocks pose major challenges to fiscal policy makers through lower output and large fiscal imbalances. This paper analyzes the case of Moldova, which faced parallel crises a decade apart: the Russian crisi...