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Spending Seigniorage

Spending Seigniorage »

Source: Spending Seigniorage : Do Central Banks Have a Governance Problem?

Volume/Issue: 2006/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863185

Keywords: seigniorage, expenditures, central bank, reserve accumulation, currency composition, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews how central banks allocate seigniorage, based on systematic crosscountry comparisons of their financial accounts. Central banks are classified as weak or strong, depending upon their structural p...

Fiscal Discipline and Exchange Rates

Fiscal Discipline and Exchange Rates »

Source: Fiscal Discipline and Exchange Rates : Does Politics Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2016/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): João Tovar Jalles , Carlos Mulas-Granados , and José Tavares

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2016

ISBN: 9781475555769

Keywords: Fiscal discipline; Deficit; Political Economy; Exchange Rates, Fiscal discipline, Deficit, Political Economy, Exchange Rates, Structure and Scope of Government

We look at the effect of exchange rate regimes on fiscal discipline, taking into account the effect of underlying political conditions. We present a model where strong politics (defined as policymakers facing longe...

The Fiscal Cost of Conflict: Evidence from Afghanistan 2005-2016

The Fiscal Cost of Conflict: Evidence from Afghanistan 2005-2016 »

Source: The Fiscal Cost of Conflict: Evidence from Afghanistan 2005-2016

Volume/Issue: 2018/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Barrett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484374931

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Middle East, Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of, conflict, peace dividend, AfghanistanI, Afghanistan, Structure and Scope of Government, Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law

I use a monthly panel of provincially-collected central government revenues and conflict fatalities to estimate government revenues lost due to conflict in Afghanistan since 2005. I identify causal effects by instr...

Government Size and Intersectoral Income Fluctuation

Government Size and Intersectoral Income Fluctuation »

Source: Government Size and Intersectoral Income Fluctuation : An International Panel Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2007/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daehaeng Kim , and Chul-In Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866575

Keywords: Economic Uncertainty, Government Size, Openness to Trade, Stabilization, Intersectoral Income Fluctuation, equation, terms of trade, external shocks, open economy, equations

Using the between-sector variation in income as a new measure of economic uncertainty, this paper proposes simple models and supportive empirical evidence for the causal relations between economic uncertainty and g...

Tax Capacity and Growth

Tax Capacity and Growth »

Source: Tax Capacity and Growth : Is there a Tipping Point?

Volume/Issue: 2016/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Laura Jaramillo , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475558173

Keywords: Economic growth, Development, Databases, Tax evasion, Tax revenues, Taxation, Time series, income per capita, multiple equilibria, Structure and Scope of Government

Is there a minimum tax to GDP ratio associated with a significant acceleration in the process of growth and development? We give an empirical answer to this question by investigating the existence of a tipping poin...

Implications of Quasi-Fiscal Activities in Ghana

Implications of Quasi-Fiscal Activities in Ghana »

Source: Implications of Quasi-Fiscal Activities in Ghana

Volume/Issue: 2006/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mali Chivakul , and Robert York

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862843

Keywords: quasi-fiscal activities, central bank, fiscal activities, fiscal operations, public debt, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, National Budget, Deficit

This paper assesses the scope and coverage of quasi-fiscal activities (QFAs) in Ghana. We find that while QFAs have been reduced recently, they remain significant. The extensive nature of these activities has sever...

Public Spending Management and Macroeconomic Interdependence

Public Spending Management and Macroeconomic Interdependence »

Source: Public Spending Management and Macroeconomic Interdependence

Volume/Issue: 2004/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Ganelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

ISBN: 9781451852646

Keywords: Public competition policies, NOEM, macroeconomic interdependence, fiscal shock, competition policies, public spending, elasticity of substitution, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Structure, Scope

This paper studies, in the context of a New Open Economy Macroeconomics (NOEM) model, the effects of "public competition policies" aimed at improving the efficiency of public spending. Such measures are modeled as...

New Evidence on Fiscal Adjustment and Growth in Transition Economies

New Evidence on Fiscal Adjustment and Growth in Transition Economies »

Source: New Evidence on Fiscal Adjustment and Growth in Transition Economies

Volume/Issue: 2006/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Alejandro Simone , and Alex Segura-Ubiergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

ISBN: 9781451865042

Keywords: growth, fiscal balance, transition countries, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Models with Panel Data, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

This paper analyzes the relationship between fiscal adjustment and real GDP growth in a panel of 26 transition economies during 1992-2001. Unlike most previous studies using cross-country regressions, the paper fin...

Democracy and Foreign Education

Democracy and Foreign Education »

Source: Democracy and Foreign Education

Volume/Issue: 2007/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866155

Keywords: democracy, institutions, international students, host country, foreign investors, host countries, foreign national, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections, Legislatures

Do foreign-educated individuals play a role in promoting democracy in their home countries? Despite the large amount of private and public resources spent on foreign education, there is no systematic evidence that...

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity »

Source: Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity : Crossing the Tipping Point

Volume/Issue: 2016/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Laura Jaramillo , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475558142

Keywords: Nigeria, Political economy, Income taxes, Taxation, Tax evasion, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tax administration, Spain, Western Hemisphere, China

An empirical finding by Gaspar, Jaramillo and Wingender (2016) shows that once countries cross a tax-to-GDP threshold of around 12¾ percent, real GDP per capita increases sharply and in a sustained manner over the...