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How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments1

How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments1 »

Source: How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments

Volume/Issue: 2014/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julio Escolano , Laura Jaramillo , Carlos Mulas-Granados , and G. Terrier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2014

ISBN: 9781484378861

Keywords: Deficit, primary balance, size of adjustment, fiscal adjustments, fiscal consolidations, Structure and Scope of Government,

The sizeable fiscal consolidation required to stabilize the debt-to-GDP ratios in several countries in the aftermath of the global crisis raises a crucial question on its feasibility. To answer this question, we re...

Another Look at Governments’ Balance Sheets

Another Look at Governments’ Balance Sheets »

Source: Another Look at Governments' Balance Sheets : The Role of Nonfinancial Assets

Volume/Issue: 2013/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elva Bova , Robert Dippelsman , Kara Rideout , and Andrea Schaechter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484315453

Keywords: government statistics, government finance, government finance statistics, national accounts, public finances, Structure and Scope of Government, Infrastructures,

When discussing debt reduction strategies, little attention has been given to the role of governments’ nonfinancial assets. This is in part because data are scarce. Drawing on various data sources, this pape...

Spending Seigniorage

Spending Seigniorage »

Source: Spending Seigniorage : Do Central Banks Have a Governance Problem?

Volume/Issue: 2006/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863185

Keywords: seigniorage, expenditures, central bank, reserve accumulation, currency composition, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews how central banks allocate seigniorage, based on systematic crosscountry comparisons of their financial accounts. Central banks are classified as weak or strong, depending upon their structural p...

Tax Revenue Downturns

Tax Revenue Downturns »

Source: Tax Revenue Downturns : Anatomy and Links to Imports

Volume/Issue: 2010/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kun Li , and Pablo Lopez Murphy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201211

Keywords: downturns, tax revenues, fiscal policy, tax policy, tax bases, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, Taxation, Subsidies

We study historical tax revenue downturn episodes-where tax revenue-to-GDP ratios decline sharply-and explore the link between tax revenues and imports. We document that downturn episodes of at least 1 percentage p...

A toolkit for Assessing Fiscal Vulnerabilities and Risks in Advanced Economies

A toolkit for Assessing Fiscal Vulnerabilities and Risks in Advanced Economies »

Source: A toolkit for Assessing Fiscal Vulnerabilities and Risks in Advanced Economies

Volume/Issue: 2012/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elif Arbatli , Emre Alper , Jiri Jonas , Anke Weber , Marc Gerard , Tidiane Kinda , Giovanni Callegari , Anna Shabunina , Andrea Schaechter , and Carlos Caceres

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463931162

Keywords: Fiscal vulnerabilities, fiscal risk, sustainability, debt, market, interest, monetary fund, policy responses, Structure and Scope of Government: General,

This paper presents a range of tools and indicators for analyzing fiscal vulnerabilities and risks for advanced economies. The analysis covers key short-, medium- and long-term dimensions. Short-term pressures are...

The Dog That Didn’t Bark

The Dog That Didn’t Bark »

Source: The Dog That Didn't Bark : The Strange Case of Domestic Policy Cooperation in the 'New Normal'

Volume/Issue: 2015/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513584607

Keywords: Domestic Policy Cooperation, monetary policy, fiscal policy, central bank, international monetary fund, central banks, Structure and Scope of Government, General,

This paper examines domestic policy cooperation, a curiously neglected issue. Both international and domestic cooperation were live issues in the 1970s when the IS/LM model predicted very different external outcome...

A Framework for Efficient Government Investment

A Framework for Efficient Government Investment »

Source: A Framework for Efficient Government Investment

Volume/Issue: 2013/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Warner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475579147

Keywords: Welfare economics, scope and performance of government, externalities, cost-benefit analysis, subsidy, private returns, rates of return, investment projects, Structure and Scope of Government, Business Taxes and Subsidies

Welfare economics, scope and performance of government, externalities, public goods, cost-benefit analysis, subsidies economize on spending without losing effectiveness by modifying the conceptual framework guiding...

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia : Current Situation and a Way Forward

Volume/Issue: 2008/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869712

Keywords: Fiscal coverage, public enterprises, fiscal risks, fiscal statistics, fiscal policy, fiscal accounts, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews some broad principles of fiscal coverage, building on cross-country experience. It discusses the level of coverage that would be appropriate to conduct good quality fiscal analysis, while strikin...

Quantifying Structural Subsidy Values for Systemically Important Financial Institutions

Quantifying Structural Subsidy Values for Systemically Important Financial Institutions »

Source: Quantifying Structural Subsidy Values for Systemically Important Financial Institutions

Volume/Issue: 2012/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenichi Ueda , and Beatrice Weder di Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503654

Keywords: bank funding subsidy, bank bailout, probability, financial institutions, samples, financial stability, financial sector, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Structure, Scope

Claimants to SIFIs receive transfers when governments are forced into bailouts. Ex ante, the bailout expectation lowers daily funding costs. This funding cost differential reflects both the structural level of the...

The IMF's Government Finance Statistics Yearbook

The IMF's Government Finance Statistics Yearbook »

Source: The IMF's Government Finance Statistics Yearbook : Maps of Government for 74 Countries

Volume/Issue: 2011/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455264391

Keywords: Fiscal statistics, government sectors, government structure, government finance statistics, government finance, international monetary fund, social security, public sector, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating

A useful but little known feature of the IMF's Government Finance Statistics Yearbook (GFSY) is the information on the structure of governments. Institutional tables, included in the GFSY, provide detail on the cen...