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International Reserves-Too Much of a Zipf's Thing

International Reserves-Too Much of a Zipf's Thing »

Source: International Reserves-Too Much of a Zipf's Thing

Volume/Issue: 2008/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mariusz Sumlinski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868739

Keywords: Gibrat&;amp;#x2019;s law, Zipf&;amp;#x2019;s law, statistics, samples, reserve holdings, reserve accumulation

Concentrated distribution of international reserves is puzzling. I show that the growth rates of international reserves bear only a very weak relationship to their initial stocks (scaled by GDP or in absolute terms...

Spending Seigniorage

Spending Seigniorage »

Source: Spending Seigniorage : Do Central Banks Have a Governance Problem?

Volume/Issue: 2006/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863185

Keywords: seigniorage, expenditures, central bank, reserve accumulation, currency composition, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews how central banks allocate seigniorage, based on systematic crosscountry comparisons of their financial accounts. Central banks are classified as weak or strong, depending upon their structural p...

Where Did All the Aid Go? An Empirical Analysis of Absorption and Spending1

Where Did All the Aid Go? An Empirical Analysis of Absorption and Spending1 »

Source: Where Did All the Aid Go? An Empirical Analysis of Absorption and Spending

Volume/Issue: 2008/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , and Ummul Hasanath Ruthbah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451868968

Keywords: Spending, Absorption, Growth, current account balance, reserve accumulation, current account, capital formation, central bank,

This paper examines the macroeconomic usage of aid using panel data for a broad sample of aid-recipients. By definition an increase in aid must go toward a reduction in the current account balance (absorbed aid), a...

Pakistan: First Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion and Modification of Performance Criteria

Pakistan: First Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion and Modification of Performance Criteria »

Source: Pakistan : Staff Report for the First Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion and Modification of Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2014/1

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2014

ISBN: 9781484339244

Keywords: Banking sector, Debt sustainability analysis, Extended arrangement reviews, Extended Fund Facility, Economic indicators, Fiscal consolidation, Monetary policy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Foreign exchange reserves

This paper provides an update on economic and policy developments in Pakistan since the issuance of the IMF staff report on December 11, 2013. Gross official reserves were US$3.4 billion as of December 16, 2013, in...

Pakistan: First Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion and Modification of Performance Criteria—Supplementary Information

Pakistan: First Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion and Modification of Performance Criteria—Supplementary Information »

Source: Pakistan : Staff Report for the First Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion and Modification of Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2014/1

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2014

ISBN: 9781484339244

Keywords: Banking sector, Debt sustainability analysis, Extended arrangement reviews, Extended Fund Facility, Economic indicators, Fiscal consolidation, Monetary policy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Foreign exchange reserves

This paper provides an update on economic and policy developments in Pakistan since the issuance of the IMF staff report on December 11, 2013. Gross official reserves were US$3.4 billion as of December 16, 2013, in...

IMF Executive Board Completes First Review Under the Extended Fund Facility Arrangement for Pakistan and Approves US$553.3 Million Disbursement

IMF Executive Board Completes First Review Under the Extended Fund Facility Arrangement for Pakistan and Approves US$553.3 Million Disbursement »

Source: Pakistan : Staff Report for the First Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion and Modification of Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2014/1

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2014

ISBN: 9781484339244

Keywords: Banking sector, Debt sustainability analysis, Extended arrangement reviews, Extended Fund Facility, Economic indicators, Fiscal consolidation, Monetary policy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Foreign exchange reserves

This paper provides an update on economic and policy developments in Pakistan since the issuance of the IMF staff report on December 11, 2013. Gross official reserves were US$3.4 billion as of December 16, 2013, in...

Statement by Jafar Mojarrad, Executive Director for Pakistan and Muhammad Sethi, Senior Advisor to Executive Director

Statement by Jafar Mojarrad, Executive Director for Pakistan and Muhammad Sethi, Senior Advisor to Executive Director »

Source: Pakistan : Staff Report for the First Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion and Modification of Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2014/1

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2014

ISBN: 9781484339244

Keywords: Banking sector, Debt sustainability analysis, Extended arrangement reviews, Extended Fund Facility, Economic indicators, Fiscal consolidation, Monetary policy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Foreign exchange reserves

This paper provides an update on economic and policy developments in Pakistan since the issuance of the IMF staff report on December 11, 2013. Gross official reserves were US$3.4 billion as of December 16, 2013, in...

International Reserves-Too Much of a Zipf's Thing

International Reserves-Too Much of a Zipf's Thing »

Volume/Issue: 2008/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mariusz Sumlinski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868739.001

ISBN: 9781451868739

Keywords: Gibrat&;amp;#x2019;s law, Zipf&;amp;#x2019;s law, statistics, samples, reserve holdings, reserve accumulation

Concentrated distribution of international reserves is puzzling. I show that the growth rates of international reserves bear only a very weak relationship to their initial stocks (scaled by GDP or in absolute terms...

Spending Seigniorage
			: Do Central Banks Have a Governance Problem?

Spending Seigniorage : Do Central Banks Have a Governance Problem? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863185.001

ISBN: 9781451863185

Keywords: seigniorage, expenditures, central bank, reserve accumulation, currency composition, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews how central banks allocate seigniorage, based on systematic crosscountry comparisons of their financial accounts. Central banks are classified as weak or strong, depending upon their structural p...

Where Did All the Aid Go? An Empirical Analysis of Absorption and Spending

Where Did All the Aid Go? An Empirical Analysis of Absorption and Spending »

Volume/Issue: 2008/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , and Ummul Hasanath Ruthbah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868968.001

ISBN: 9781451868968

Keywords: Spending, Absorption, Growth, current account balance, reserve accumulation, current account, capital formation, central bank,

This paper examines the macroeconomic usage of aid using panel data for a broad sample of aid-recipients. By definition an increase in aid must go toward a reduction in the current account balance (absorbed aid), a...