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Macroeconomic Dimensions of Public-Private Partnerships

Macroeconomic Dimensions of Public-Private Partnerships »

Source: Macroeconomic Dimensions of Public-Private Partnerships

Volume/Issue: 2016/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Edward Buffie , Michele Andreolli , Bin Grace Li , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2016

ISBN: 9781484307700

Keywords: Public-private Partnerships, Unemployment, Underinvestment, Welfare.

The voluminous literature comparing public-private partnerships (P3s) and own-investment (OI) by the public sector is dominated by contributions from microeconomic theory. This paper gives macroeconomics a voice in...

The Insurance Role of Social Security

The Insurance Role of Social Security »

Source: The Insurance Role of Social Security : Theory and Lessons for Policy Reform

Volume/Issue: 1997/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Victor Valdivia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451944174

Keywords: Public Finance, Computable General Equilibrium, welfare gains, wealth distribution, welfare impact, social security system

This paper examines the impact of social security on welfare. The provision of social security reduces precautionary savings and encourages early retirement. Consequently, it lowers aggregate capital, employment, o...

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1 »

Source: Globalization and the Future of Social Protection

Volume/Issue: 2000/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451842890

Keywords: globalization, welfare state, tax expenditure, regulations, public spending, social expenditure, expenditures, tax expenditures, tax systems, expenditure

Social protection in industrial countries has been provided through regulations, tax expenditures, and public spending. This paper argues that globalization will affect governments’ ability to continue provi...

Transfers, Social Safety Nets, and Economic Growth

Transfers, Social Safety Nets, and Economic Growth »

Source: Transfers, Social Safety Nets, and Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 1996/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1996

ISBN: 9781451845921

Keywords: Social Safety Nets, Public Welfare, Economic Growth, Transfers, Productive Public Spending, criminal behavior, amount of crime, social security

This paper analyses the role of social safety nets in the form of redistributional transfers and wage subsidies. It is argued that public welfare programs can be viewed as a crime-preventing or disruption-preventin...

Public Pension Reform: A Primer

Public Pension Reform: A Primer »

Source: Public Pension Reform : A Primer

Volume/Issue: 2007/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Jousten

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

ISBN: 9781451865929

Keywords: household behavior, welfare programs, demographic trends, pension, social insurance, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Household, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, Social Security and Public Pensions,

The present paper reviews key issues in pension design and pension reform encountered all across the world. The paper heavily refers to the recent U.S. Social Security reform debate in general and to the Personal R...

Tax, Welfare, and Pension Reforms in Slovenia

Tax, Welfare, and Pension Reforms in Slovenia »

Source: Tax, Welfare, and Pension Reforms in Slovenia : Implications for Work Incentives and Labor Participation

Volume/Issue: 2006/298

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Egoume Bossogo , and Anita Tuladhar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865585

Keywords: Labor participation, pension, wage, benefits, retirement age, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, Social Security and Public Pensions,

The labor participation rate in Slovenia has been lower than in the EU-15 (the members states prior to May 2004), particularly for the low-income and older individuals. Using simulations of tax and social benefits...

Social Sector Reform in Transition Countries

Social Sector Reform in Transition Countries »

Source: Social Sector Reform in Transition Countries

Volume/Issue: 2001/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Keller , and Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451845358

Keywords: social sector reform, pension, health care, social insurance, retirement, unemployment, Public Economics: General, National Government Expenditures and Health, National Government Expenditures and Education, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs

During the transition process, many existing social sector institutions and policies were significantly eroded and their underlying character changed. As a result, they often do not redistribute to the poorest, nor...

Public Spending on Health Care and the Poor

Public Spending on Health Care and the Poor »

Source: Public Spending on Health Care and the Poor

Volume/Issue: 2001/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marijn Verhoeven , Sanjeev Gupta , and Erwin Tiongson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451854985

Keywords: public spending, child mortality, mortality rate, mortality rates, health status, births, Health Production, Welfare and Poverty: General,

This paper estimates the impact of public spending on the poor's health status in over 70 countries. It provides evidence that the poor have significantly worse health status than the rich and that they are more fa...

Income Inequality and Redistributive Government Spending1

Income Inequality and Redistributive Government Spending1 »

Source: Income Inequality and Redistributive Government Spending

Volume/Issue: 2003/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2003

ISBN: 9781451843149

Keywords: capital deepening, gini coefficient, dependent variable, statistics, unequal societies, social security, Welfare and Poverty: General, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance

The paper examines empirically the question of whether more unequal societies spend more on income redistribution than their more egalitarian counterparts. Theoretical arguments on this issue are inconclusive. The...

Can Inheritances Alleviate the Demographic Burden?

Can Inheritances Alleviate the Demographic Burden? »

Source: Can Inheritances Alleviate the Demographic Burden?

Volume/Issue: 2001/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erik Lueth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451852028

Keywords: Bequests, computable GEM, social insurance, aging, budget constraint, welfare loss, Social Security and Public Pensions, Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models,

With pay-as-you-go schemes in place, population aging will impose a heavy fiscal burden on young and future cohorts. However, these cohorts may also profit from larger inheritances as the number of heirs declines....