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The Baltic Countries
			: From Economic Stabilization to EU Accession

The Baltic Countries : From Economic Stabilization to EU Accession »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Françoise Le Gall , L. Psalida , Pietro Garibaldi , Julian Berengaut , Jerald Schiff , Kerstin Westin , Augusto López-Claros , Richard Stern , and Dennis Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757388.084

ISBN: 9781557757388

Keywords: banking, privatization, exchange rate, private sector development, banking system

Are the three Baltic countries, Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania, ready for accession to the European Union? Have their economies overcome the problems of transition? The answers to these questions and their implicat...

IMF-Supported Programs in Capital Account Crises
			: Design and Experience

IMF-Supported Programs in Capital Account Crises : Design and Experience »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Atish Ghosh , Alex Mourmouras , A. Hamann , and Timothy Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060821.084

ISBN: 9781589060821

Keywords: Capital flows, Financial sector, capital outflows, current account, private capital flows, capital inflows

...

Fiscal Monitor, October 2016
			: Debt: Use It Wisely

Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513560601.089

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, fiscal policy, financial crisis, recovery, debt levels, advanced economies, emerging market economies, private-sector debt

Drawing on an expanded data set covering emerging markets and low-income countries as well as advanced economies, this issue examines the extent and makeup of global debt and asks what role fiscal policy can play i...

Prevention and Resolution of Sovereign Debt Crises

Prevention and Resolution of Sovereign Debt Crises »

Series: Selected Legal and Institutional Papers Series

Author(s): Julianne Ams , Tamon Asonuma , Wolfgang Bergthaler , Chanda DeLong , Nouria El Mehdi , Mark Flanagan , Sean Hagan , Yan Liu , Charlotte Lundgren , Martin Mühleisen , Alex Pienkowski , Gustavo Pinto , and Eric Robert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484371329.009

ISBN: 9781484371329

Keywords: IMF, sovereign debt, crisis resolution, financial stability, Argentine crisis, global financial crisis, Mexican crisis, SDRM, collective action clauses, eurozone crisis

'The IMF's Role in the Prevention and Resolution of Sovereign Debt Crises' provides a guided narrative to the IMF's policy papers on sovereign debt produced over the last 40 years. The papers are divided into chapt...

The Strategy of Reform in the Previously Centrally-Planned Economies of Eastern Europe

The Strategy of Reform in the Previously Centrally-Planned Economies of Eastern Europe »

Source: The Strategy of Reform in the Previously Centrally-Planned Economies of Eastern Europe : Lessons and Challenges

Volume/Issue: 1993/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451971873

Keywords: privatization, state enterprises, mass privatization, enterprise debt, enterprise sector

This paper analyzes some of the lessons that can be drawn from the experience of Eastern Europe in the process of transition to a market economy that is under way, and examines some key challenges currently facing...

V Financial System Issues in the Postcrisis Era

V Financial System Issues in the Postcrisis Era »

Source: The Baltic Countries : From Economic Stabilization to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Françoise Le Gall , L. Psalida , Pietro Garibaldi , Julian Berengaut , Jerald Schiff , Kerstin Westin , Augusto López-Claros , Richard Stern , and Dennis Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757388

Keywords: banking, privatization, exchange rate, private sector development, banking system

After regaining their independence in 1991 and introducing national currencies shortly thereafter, the Baltic countries undertook to stabilize their economies against a background of high inflation, large de...

VI Private Sector Development

VI Private Sector Development »

Source: The Baltic Countries : From Economic Stabilization to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Françoise Le Gall , L. Psalida , Pietro Garibaldi , Julian Berengaut , Jerald Schiff , Kerstin Westin , Augusto López-Claros , Richard Stern , and Dennis Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757388

Keywords: banking, privatization, exchange rate, private sector development, banking system

To address the issue of private sector development in the Baltic countries, many economists have focused on privatization, assuming that it is a proxy for private sector development. But as the experience of...

VII The Baltic Countries and Accession to the European Union

VII The Baltic Countries and Accession to the European Union »

Source: The Baltic Countries : From Economic Stabilization to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Françoise Le Gall , L. Psalida , Pietro Garibaldi , Julian Berengaut , Jerald Schiff , Kerstin Westin , Augusto López-Claros , Richard Stern , and Dennis Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757388

Keywords: banking, privatization, exchange rate, private sector development, banking system

Since 1993, the relationships between the European Union and the three Baltic countries, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, have deepened through a variety of agreements aimed at further developing economic and...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Baltic Countries : From Economic Stabilization to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Françoise Le Gall , L. Psalida , Pietro Garibaldi , Julian Berengaut , Jerald Schiff , Kerstin Westin , Augusto López-Claros , Richard Stern , and Dennis Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757388

Keywords: banking, privatization, exchange rate, private sector development, banking system

The process of adjustment and reforms in the Baltics deserves attention for three overarching reasons: (1) the extent and speed of transformation from the central plan and political repression to the market...

II Overview of Recent Macroeconomic and Structural Adjustment Policies

II Overview of Recent Macroeconomic and Structural Adjustment Policies »

Source: The Baltic Countries : From Economic Stabilization to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Françoise Le Gall , L. Psalida , Pietro Garibaldi , Julian Berengaut , Jerald Schiff , Kerstin Westin , Augusto López-Claros , Richard Stern , and Dennis Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757388

Keywords: banking, privatization, exchange rate, private sector development, banking system

The Baltic countries were generally considered to be among the more developed of the economies of the Baltics, Russia, and other former Soviet Union countries (BRO), with a standard of living at the outset o...